Russia ranked first in the list of UN countries for the level of climate injustice. The indicator means that our country emits much less greenhouse gases, but at the same time bears the greatest damage. According to the opinion, such data should not be taken seriously, because there is no unified data system yet and everything can change quickly.
First in anti-rating
A group of American scientists conducted a study of the global index of climate injustice. Science achievements… The indicator reflects the ratio of the climate of greenhouse gases of a country to the warming that is expected on the territory of this country in the 21st century.
Experts studied data from 192 UN member states, among them Russia took first place. This means that the damage to our country from global warming is much higher than the emissions produced.
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On the final lines of the ranking of countries that produce most of the emissions, the temperature of the planet rises dramatically. These are Belgium, the Netherlands and Germany, oil producers Kuwait and Bahrain, large Asian economies – China, Bangladesh, Taiwan.
Global warming is a planetary process, it works in all countries without exception. Scientists explained that one country makes a strong impression.
Scientists estimate that most of the greenhouse gases are created between 30 and 55 degrees north latitude. This is most strongly reflected north of 60 degrees in the Arctic region.
For example, most of all greenhouse gases are emitted by Japan, China, Taiwan, Europe (including Moscow and St. Petersburg), the Atlantic coast of the United States. And the Arctic suffers from this, more than half of which is located in the sparsely populated regions of Russia.
Scientists have reflected the results of the study in the figure. Canada, Finland is in the zone of the most severe climatic inequality. At the same time, the polluted areas – Europe, East Asia and the United States – are affected less.
Not to be taken lightly?
Andrei Avramenko, Associate Professor of the Department of International Complex Problems of Environmental Management and Ecology, MGIMO University told newspaper “Izvestia”that now there is no single inventory of greenhouse gas emissions for all countries of the world. In addition, there are some kind of compensation mechanisms so that the main pollutants pay for their emissions.
“As an exporter of nervous products, the absorbing country will have to pay a European tax from 2026. – noted the expert.
Vladimir Semenov, Deputy Director of the Institute of Atmospheric Physics named after A.M. Obukhov, Russian Academy of Sciences, advised not to take the research data on climatic inequality seriously. According to the expert, the estimates of scientists are very vague.
It comes to the adoption of hard metals on the subject of regulation. All this leads to an additional burden on the business.
Vladimir SemyonovDeputy Director of the A.M. Obukhov Institute of Atmospheric Physics of the Russian Academy of Sciences