The settlement of Prague and its surroundings was continuous from the early Paleolithic to the La Tène period. With the arrival of the Celts, oppids began to emerge here at the end of the 2nd century BC, which were centers of settlement, administration, cults, production, trade and served as fortified refuges. It is believed that it was the Celtic tribe of the Boys that gave rise to the name Bohemia. The first Slavic tribes penetrated here in the second half of the 6th century. The origin of the name Prague is not precisely historically documented, but the name derived from the verb praži in connection with the production and processing of iron seems to be the most probable. Roast pits are also documented on Prague’s Petrin Hill. An important report on the importance of Prague in the 10th century is the Jewish-Arab businessman and diplomat Ibrahim ibn Jakub, who in 965 describes the city of Frága, which is built of stone and in whose market place you can meet a large number of buyers and goods. Today’s Prague is one of the three most visited cities in Europe.
Prague – historical center
Inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage List in 1992.
Prague is the most important urban conservation area in our country. The historic core with an area of eight hundred and sixty-six hectares includes a unique urban complex of Prague Castle and Hradčany, Lesser Town, including Charles Bridge, Old Town with Josefov (preserved part of the former Jewish Town), New Town, Vyšehrad and their individual monuments. The extensively founded Nové Město, in connection with later reconstructions in new building styles, testifies to the artistic, social and cultural influence of Prague from the Middle Ages to the present.
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