The pandemic weakened world trade in services, although the scale of the decline in service turnover varied widely. With the collapse of electronic computer services there was an increase in trade in computer services.
According to World Trade (WTO) data, the value of global service exports goes from US $ 6.1 billion in 2019 to US $ 4.9 billion in 2020, i.e. the level of the last level since 2013. services rather than goods.
In 2020, international trade in services 7 in the case when it fell by 20, while the reductions decreased, 4 percent. A large disproportion in the scale of exports of goods and services influenced the sample of services on an international scale from 24.8%. in 2019, make 22.4 percent. in 2020, the same break, it is observed that there is a difference, the tendency to gradually increase the number of maintenance services, the next number of services in 2012 with services between services. According to WTO data, the value of world exports (higher annually, while exports of goods only increase by 0.5% annually.
The collateral situation in services in 2020 was intensely diversified, with the multidirectional impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on international trade. On the one hand, restrictions in connection with the epidemiological migration of travelers following connection services linked to air traffic. On the other hand, the websites were service increases, new information systems in the blocking period. Relatively they relate to each other’s grips with respect to services.
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The biggest impact on the decline in trade was in the future. This category accounted for 74 percent. declines in the value of services in 2020. In 2019, the value of travel. yoy to the level from 20 years ago. Only travel in the world exports a share of 11% of the world. (while in 2019 of the first edition 24% of the value of exchange of services).
The introduction of traffic restrictions in road traffic, the kind that led you to transfer technologies that are high-quality services with 80 transports (before the pandemic percent. was about the brand by 54 percent of the presented value transport.
The threat factor to become the maintenance of access to the transport service from the website.
The value will be entered for aviation purposes in the municipal economy. The value of freight transport offers in 2020 is 8 percent lower. yy. Restricting the movement of goods that affected the monitoring, causing the restriction of goods transport to take place while there was a turnout. In turn, the threat to origin, which is the first source of transport, as a source of transport on the one hand, the future epidemic in 2020, which is the source of the end of economic growth on the Internet.
Freight nature of maritime transport loans in a pandemic
a smaller decrease was characteristic of sea transport. Reports on services by co-owners of the authors 7 percent. yy. The smaller scale of declines is due to the fact that maritime transport is aimed at establishing itself. Before the pandemic, i.e. in 2019, 95 percent transport services provided by transport goods. A negative impact on the amount of change in shifts transported had an impact on changes in world or sales. While container transport was at a similar level as in the year of benefit. In addition, in the 2nd H 2020, rapidly rising freight prices have a significant impact on the value of transport.
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The total value of freight transport (all transport transport) will decrease by 9% in 2020. yy. This decline was therefore very much wanted for the company to measure itself by trade. Slightly more than 13 percent transport. yoy) (expression of the value of exports in the category of repair and processing).
In 2020, the global cost of exporting the service is only 2 percent. yy. increase in exports, incl. in the case of IT services by 8 percent. y / y and financial services by 4 percent. yy. Publication of services in world exports of services granting 12 percent. It was a rapidly growing category in global exports (2011-2020). The release of budget services in 2020 to do 11 percent. In turn, entitled
Economies’ various measures for a pandemic
Different trends in individual service categories contributed to the diversification of service exports by country. The export crisis with COVID-19 is an alternative to foreign trade, where the exporter swaps foreign trade. These include countries in Oceania, South and Central America, and America. In these heirs, the value of services turned out to be by about 15 percentage points in 2020. deeper than the world average. Out of the ten economies that have established travel caraddies in the export of service providers. Becoming familiar with the visit turned out to be the worst for the economies. Some European economies have also felt its effects. High positive balance of travel in Spain for sale from $ 52 billion to $ 10 billion. On the other hand, limited trips that relate to the improvement of Germany’s balance sheet. In 2020, the balance of trade in services in the same year, when we are getting to the record level of 2 billion dollars (against 28 billion in 2019).
The largest exporter of services in the world are highly developed countries – the United States, Great Britain and Germany. The decline in the value of exports of services in the US was very similar to the global decline, so their share in world exports remained unchanged only in 2020 – 14%. Slightly smaller declines in trade in services in Europe impacted the shortened list of administrative services, which became a global service protocol, which was replaced by the employment office. In 2020, the value of exports of services from China practically did not change. The country has become the fourth exporter of equipment in the world. The largest increase in Chinese exports of the broadly understood aviation and aviation services, medical materials and telecommunications services.
Among the main tools of service exporters in the world, only Ireland showed an increase in exports in 2020. The value of service exports in this country is 6 percent. yy. This increase was due to expansion, expansion, expansion. Ireland is Ireland’s exporter of telecommunications and telecommunications services and in 2020 it accounted for more than 20 percent. world export. At the same time, one is almost 60 percent. all exports of services from Ireland. In the Construction of the Stadium 2014, the company from the ICT industry has been in the telecommunications, information and statistical world since, precisely because of its introduction to markets, expansion, corporations (such as Google, Intel, Apple and Facebook) to international markets. Their activity, however, causes you to call the honorary operator, but accept how much it costs. In 2020, Ireland imports $ 96 billion in license fees. This is the situation where Ireland is recording a second turn in the exchange of services in Chinese.
Poland increased its share in the global export of services
In the group of countries with an increased share in the global export of services in 2020, Poland was also located. The world share of Polish exports of services in services from 1.1%. make 1.4 percent (it was launched on the basis of the course start from 2005). According to WTO data, Poland moved up on the list of service exporters from 25th in 2019 to 20th place. In terms of the value of exports of services, Poland was ahead of Thailand, Austria, Sweden and Australia in 2020.
A smaller decline in exports in exports in the Polish export sector of services exports. Categories in which there were recorded, i.e. the deepest drops. foreign travel and transport are meaningful in English. In addition to the culture of selling services. It contributed to the fact that, first and foremost, the advances in road haulage by bankrupt haulage, resulting from the progress they made, improved the arrangements in the road haulage market. While the volume of transport with export after export with import will translate into an increase in 2019, as much as we bring in cabotage between displays and with sources.
The positive balance in trade in services (according to the WTO – 26.9 billion American data) recorded by Poland in 2020 is the sixth market in the world. Among the countries of the European Union, Europe exports and imports exclusive services.