Tagesspiegel: December 5, 1996: The old town of Salzburg as well as Schönbrunn Palace and Park are added to the UNESCO World Heritage List.
On Sunday, December 5th, the book of history records, among other things:
1326: In Vienna, a conflagration has reduced two thirds of the city to rubble and ashes.
1786: Opening of the Royal National Theater in Berlin.
1936: The 8th Extraordinary Congress of Soviets adopts a new, Stalinist, constitution for the USSR.
1941: In the Kalinin area, Soviet troops begin a counter-offensive against the front of the German 9th Army, which means that the rapid “smashing of the Soviet Union” planned by Hitler has failed.
1946: New York becomes the permanent seat of the United Nations.
1946: The trial of 23 German doctors accused of crimes against humanity during the Nazi era begins before the US Military Court in Nuremberg.
1956: Up to this day, around 111,000 Hungarian refugees had been taken in, and 37,000 had traveled abroad.
1976: The Swiss voters reject the introduction of the 40-hour week in a referendum.
1976: In France, the new Gaullist collection movement RPR (Rassemblement pour la République) is founded under the chairmanship of Prime Minister Jacques Chirac.
1996: The old town of Salzburg as well as Schönbrunn Palace and Park are included in the list of UNESCO World Heritage Sites.
2001: The Bonn Afghanistan Conference resolves to set up a transitional government chaired by the Pashtun Hamid Karzai.
Date of birth: Joseph Clemens, German Elector (1671-1723); Henry Poulaille, French writer (1896-1980); Carl Ferdinand Cori, US biochemist east. Hrkft .; Nobel Prize 1947 (1896-1984); Walt Disney, American animated film maker (1901-1966); Werner Heisenberg, German physicist, Nobel Prize 1932 (1901-1976); Alfred Manessier, French painter / graphic artist (1911-1993); Hilary Koprowski, US virologist Polish Hrkft .; 1950 discoverer of the first polio vaccination with live viruses (1916-2013); Eeva-Liisa Manner, Finnish poet (1921-1995); Louis de Froment, French conductor (1921-1994); James Cleveland, US singer / composer (1931-1991); José Carreras, Spanish tenor (1946); Patricia Kaas, French chanson singer (1966).
Days of Death: Niels Stensen, Danish. Physician and naturalist (1638-1686); Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, east. Composer (1756-1791); Claude Monet, French painter (1840-1926); Hans Richter, Eastern Hungary. Conductor (1843-1916); Anton Benya, east Politician (SPÖ) (1912-2001); David Bronstein, Russian chess grandmaster (1924-2006).
Name days: Gerald, Arno, Sabbas, Reinhard, Sola, Justinia, Herwig, Abigail, Attala, Hartwig, Niels, Nikolaus.