“At a time of wide journeys and given the current incidence of the disease outside the hitherto known endemic areas however, it cannot be ruled out that an imported case of the disease may be recorded. However, we do not anticipate large-scale epidemics, “said Júlia Adamčíková, Head of the Infectious Diseases Surveillance Department of the ÚVZ SR.
She clarified that Neither Slovakia nor Europe is an endemic area for smallpox monkeys.
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How does it manifest itself?
Smallpox is a viral, zoonotic disease. The disease was first reported in humans in the Democratic Republic of the Congo in 1970.
“Transmission to humans occurs through contact with an infected animal or human or objects contaminated with biological materials present in smallpox. The human disease requires longer and more intensive contact with the infected. The incubation period is usually six to 16 days, up to 21, “Said Adamčíková.
She approached that the symptoms initially resemble the flu, later sowing is added.
“Clinical signs are similar to smallpox. The difference is in the development of skin lesions. Skin lesions generally appear at the same stage, which is characteristic of smallpox and smallpox monkeys. Sheep lesions appear gradually, so that the body appears in the body. at one time they find rashes at different times, “Adamčíková added.
Prevention above all
According to her, health control measures are focused primarily on the transmission of diseases to humans through early detection of cases based on professional medical and laboratory tests, isolation in patients, appropriate public measures to prevent and control infections in health facilities, early detection of new and probable cases by tracking contacts.
Cases of smallpox have recently been reported in countries where the disease does not usually occur, such as Britain, Spain and Portugal. One case of smallpox monkeys has already been recorded in the USA.
health prevention smallpox