Thaís França walks among the students sitting in the sun in the courtyard of the Instituto Universitário de Lisboa (ISCTE), towards the interview about the in Brazil. A specialist in migration studies at the Center for Research and Studies in Sociology (CIES) is at the same time investigated and a case study of his research object.
17 years ago, Brazilian, with a PhD in Sociology from the University of Coimbra, she landed in Lisbon from Fortaleza. Another one of the immigrants from Brazil who formed the second migratory wave, stimulated by Portugal’s entry into the European Union and economic growth.
The years in Lisbon did not rob the 41-year-old investigation of its accentuated accent and slow way of speaking, explaining how the migratory waves – four in total, since the 1970s – the third, during the government of former President Lula da Silva, and Wednesday, after the impeachment of Dilma Roussef and the inauguration of Jair Bolsonaro, were related to these events.
Relating the result of the next Brazilian presidential election to a new wave of migration, however, is always a delicate exercise.
“The factors are always more than one”, emphasizes Thaís in the interview that follows, careful to reduce the reasons that lead a Brazilian to migrate to this or that factor, sometimes giving more weight to the origin situation. “Only a minority of the country’s population can wake up one day and suddenly say: it’s all bad, I’m leaving”.
Can the result of the presidencies in Brazil change the flow of Brazilian Brazilian women?
Yes and no. The social degradation of a country’s political, economic and economic situation is an important factor in a person’s decision to migrate, but it is not the only one. It composes one of the variables of a question, which leads to the decision of the place where he lives by another stranger, far from family and friends. It would be too simplistic to conjecture a thought like: “Oh, the political and economic situation is fine, so I stay, and if it’s bad, then I leave”.
migrating requires one because…
And it requires an investment. If the economic situation of a country is bad, not everyone has the money, including buying an airline ticket. It is not always easy to gather the minimum to migrate. This is a contracted professional and uses the value of the termination of the contract or someone who has a car or a house and sells the assets to gather the funds. And even so, most of the time, migrations are only possible with the help of a “network of family members” or friends who migrated first and a shelter for a certain time migrants can indicate the future migrant to a job.
What are the other factors, in addition to a country’s situation?
In the specific case of Brazilians, urban violence weighs heavily in the decision. It is more common to hear this kind of argument than to hear that someone migrated because of the government of Squid or of Bolsonaro. In fact, for years of the Lula and Dilma (Roussef) governments, although there was no success in the accusations of corruption parties saying that Portuguese workers (PT) were heard, they were migrated for the common cause of Brazilian petismo. This speech degraded with the situation of the country began to be heard from 2016, with the coup that took the power out of power and, later, during Bolsonarismo.
“Linking the result of the latest discoveries to the fact that there are more or less Bolsonarist Brazilians in Portugal is not accurate.”
So, how do you explain Bolsonaro having won like 2018 in Portugal?
The result is the most accurate number of what Bolsonaro’s Brazilian is not exactly the best, with the least number of Brazilians, because what is Brazil here. There are thousands of titles in an irregular situation, which cannot transfer the voter to the voter here, in addition to many others that, even in a regular situation, did not bother to transfer them here and another huge contingent qualified to vote, with the desire to vote , but who doesn’t vote because there are three voting points across the country. There is still an impossible to calculate number of eligible Brazilians in the presidential elections, but choices that in the official statistics of the SEF as non-Brazilians, are not considered as “Brazilians residing in the country”.
So, is this new Brazilian economy not necessarily stable with the economic political crisis in Brazil?
Once again, the crisis counts, but it is not the only factor. Only a minority of Brazilians can wake up one day and say, “It’s all bad, I’m leaving”. This new one, which is registered from 2016, has what was happening in the country, but it was more a component of a posture of the situation in Portugal than in Brazil.
It coincides that the policies of Portugal began to intensify as important to guarantee the growth of the country, with the graphic moment of the Brazilian Golden Visa and the visas to reformed rights, with the economic vision to Portuguese citizenship to the grandchildren of Brazilian Portuguese grandparents (before, it was related only to the children of Portuguese parents) and to the descendants of Sephardic parents, and mainly with the faculties for the Brazilian market. Unlike previous vacancies, it allows the arrival of Brazilians to work as a workforce, this latest migration wave has as a driver or student visa, which also works. Add to that Trump’s United States making it difficult for Brazilians to enter, and Portugal being seen as the new Eldorado immigration or leaving Brazil.
In this sense, should the new work visa for Brazilians that has just come into force keep the flow of flow, regardless of the outcome of the changes?
Not really. This new type of visa, which allows Brazilians six months of stay in Portugal for Brazilians for a job, as well as the visa for the biggest names in the entrepreneur, targets a specific type of Brazilian, or professional qualification and income. Applicants for these visas, as well as student visas, have entered the Portuguese government’s radar and need to comply with the requirements for stay. Again, the immigrant with an inclusive resource for review – without a low and qualification network goes to the country as a tourist, the immigrant will pay for a shorter period in an irregular situation, more time for scrutiny by the authorities, until he gets a work contract.
So, does the result of the presidential elections have a relative weight in the future waves of migrations of Brazilians to Portugal?
Well, there are certain policies in Brazil that can stimulate this flow. In one of the previous waves of crisis0 Brazil, between20 a crisis8 and Brazil was living2, what was the deep environment in Brazil20 economy in economy. Even so, there was an increase in Brazilian imports. Thought, made sense, until it is not a program for students of Brazilian finance students, called “Science without Borders” from the exchange network of the best public school students in the country. Again, it cannot fall into the error of reduction and whether to this or that reason, as the factors will always be more than one.
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Journalist and writer, 49 years old, there are six Brazilians in Lisbon. She was a reporter, columnist and editor at Jornal do Commercio, correspondent for Folha de S. Paulo, sports commentator on SporTV and on CBN radio, in addition to writing for O Corvo and Diário de Notícias. She covered Olympics, Days, Demonstrations, protests – in a “mobile” project called Repórtatil – and now it’s time to cover and, above all, discover Lisbon.