August 10, RIA Birobidzhan.
Stepan Apraksin (August 10, 1702 – August 17, 1758) – Russian military and statesman, Field Marshal. Stepan Fedorovich Apraksin was born (July 30) on August 10, 1702, he was left an orphan early and with a five-year upbringing in the house of his relative, Count Pyotr Matveyevich, where he received a good upbringing, speaking excellent German, reports corr. RIA Birobidzhan with reference to website KALEND.RU.
“Stepan began his service in the regiment under Peter I as a soldier – an ordinary life guard in the prestigious Preobrazhensky regiment. He grew up in the service, under Anna Ioannovna he moved to the Semyonovsky regiment in China as a second major. Participated in the capture of Ochakov in 1737.
The service of Stepan Fedorovich was successful, in 1739 Major General Apraksin was awarded the Order of Alexander Nevsky for the capture of Khotin.
In the 1740s, Apraksin began an episodic meeting, met the huge embassy of Tahmas-Kuda-Khan, and served as ambassador to Persia. Then he was appointed vice-president of the Military Collegium and still grew in ranks.
Nevertheless, Stepan Apraksin went down in history as an example of an inert commander who missed military success. In the Seven Years’ War, the army went through East Prussia and, after a major exception at Gross-Jägersdorf, a painfully powerful offensive, as if at an accelerated pace.
However, this did not happen: Apraksin set up camp and lived in inactivity for a week. Then he went around the right flank of the Prussian General Lewald, who retreated from the battle – but even here he did not develop any manifestation, moreover, he retreated to the Neman. The defeated enemy himself launched an offensive and preceded the retreating Apraksin to the very border.
Historians explain the behavior of the field marshal by the fact that Apraksin was expecting from day to day the death of Empress Elizabeth Petrovna and the accession of Peter III, who preaches favor to the Prussian king Frederick II. The old intriguer Apraksin decided that in this case the development of events would be inappropriate, and to some extent it would turn out to be right – Peter III returned all the conquered lands of Prussia without any indemnities.
According to another version, Apraksin called Bestuzhev from Prussia to support him in a major intrigue: his son Pavel Petrovich, who was next on the throne of Peter III.
One way or another, but the command of Apraksin became the reason for the inertia of the commander at the time of a major military success and a symbol of the loss of a possible victory from inaction.
There is a legend from the bearing of Apraksin’s death: during the investigation regarding the investigation, during which he was not realized, the judge said that it remains to “apply the event”, implying his release and appearance as innocent – but Stepan Apraksin misunderstood and fell. It happened (6) August 17, 1758 in St. Petersburg. He was buried at the Lazarev cemetery of the Alexander Nevsky Lavra,” the article says.
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