NATO is formally launching a process to bring Sweden and Finland into a military alliance.
But a key condition for NATO member Turkey is to hand over more than 70 people whom the president describes as terrorists.
The leaders of the two Nordic nations say they take the issue seriously, but in the end the extradition goes to the courts and not to politicians.
So who Turkey wan and them fit deport dis pipo to Ankara?
Wetin be Turkey demands
Sweden and Finland are applying to join the Western Defense Alliance after Russia launches a war against Ukraine.
Turkey has only one of NATO’s 30 member states to block bids until the two Nordic states agree to a set of requirements – including the handing over of eggs with alleged terrorist links.
According to a memorandum signed for a NATO summit last week, Finland and Sweden agree to address Turkey “pending requests for deportation or extradition of terrorist suspects quickly and thoroughly”, with “bilateral legal framework facilitating extradition”.
President Recep Tayyip Erdogan says that Sweden does not promise to extradite 73 “terrorists” and is already sending three or four of them.
Pro-goment Turkish daily Hurriyet publishes a list of 45 pipo, including 33 we those sought from Sweden and 12 from Finland.
Pipo wey Turkey dey is looking for
Turkey is particularly serious about the surrender of individuals that we believe we can link to the Kurdistan Workers’ Party (PKK), we believe that the EU, the United States and the United Kingdom are terrorist groups.
Dis na also after followers of the exiled Turkish priest Fethullah Gulen. Gulenists are accused by Turkey of a failed coup against President Erdogan in 2016.
The BBC does not speak to three of the di pipo sought by Turkey.
Bulent Kenes: Journalist
For several years I have been the editor-in-chief of Today Zaman, a large English-language daily newspaper for Turkey, before they close down for 2016. Now they live in exile for Stockholm.
Turkish authorities accuse me of saying that I am part of the di Gulen movement, or that they call it the Fethullah Terrorist Organization (Feto).
E dey known for its network of schools and e dey no one considered a terrorist group for the EU, UK or US.
Mr Kene’s madman says I’m going to be a target because of my outspoken criticism of President Erdogan and is facing accusations of plotting to overthrow the department:
“All the accusations are fabricated. I am an independent journalist with no connection to any organization.”
They are giving me a suspended prison sentence for 2015 for “insulting the president”, for a tweet we say that Mr Erdogan’s deceased mother is ashamed of.
Insulting President Erdogan is still a common accusation today, with 17 journalists and cartoonists on trial in the first three months of 2022, according to the independent Turkish organization Bianet.
Bulent Kenes believes that they will not be an object of negotiation between Erdogan and Sweden for NATO negotiations.
They are afraid to say that they are suitable to disclose, because it is a “betrayal of Sweden’s own values” about democracy and to protect dissent.
“It is not a test for the Di Erdogan regime … it is a test for the Swedish authorities,” he said.
Fatih: “Reformed arsonist”
Odas on Turkey list not too dey well known as dat. Fatih, a Finnish Kurd, we will be part of a group of five young men who set fire to the door of the Turkish Embassy in 2008.
Now I will be a 37-year-old entrepreneur and entrepreneur, tell the BBC and say that I regret that I do:
“At that time I ruined my life, I get many kinds of problems.”
I’m surprised I found my name on the list because I stopped serving a 14-month suspended sentence a long time ago – and I’re paying damages to the embassy.
Finnish authorities granted citizenship a few years ago and consider the embassy case closed.
Turkey accuses me of being a member of the militant PKK, we demand greater Kurdish autonomy and involve an armed struggle with the Turkish state.
Fatih says that I do not get any ties or ideological connections to the PKK, and thinks that they are directed solely because of my Kurdish background.
The Kurds make up 15-20% of Turkey’s population, but they have not been persecuted by Turkey for generations.
Di goment for Ankara is trying to ban the pro-Kurdish HDP party, the third largest in parliament.
While Fatih does not believe that they should be extradited because I am a Finnish citizen, I am afraid of harassment by the local Turkish community or possible arrest abroad at the request of Turkey.
E says e dey very sorry says Finland Gatz to “fight for am”.
Aysen Furhoff: Teacher we drive
Aysen Furhoff came to Sweden after serving five years of a life sentence for Turkey for trying to “overthrow the constitutional order” when she was 17 years old and a member of the Turkish Communist Party.
She said they would offer her protection for Sweden after she was tortured in prison.
Now she is 45 years old, she lives for Stockholm with her husband and daughter and works as a teacher, and insists that she no longer gets involved in Turkish politics.
“I leave Turkey 20 years ago. If they send me there, I will have no use for myself. Everyone I know either dies or dies in prison. That’s why I’m surprised and say I’m writing – who am I? that them? “
Furhoff says they are also prosecuting her for Turkey for not being a member of the PKK.
She admits that she collaborated with them for three months 25 years ago.
Although she no longer sympathizes with the PKK, she denies that they are a terrorist group and believes that they should be part of the discussions for peace tok-tok in Turkey.
Legal requirements for Sweden and Finland make it very difficult for Turkey to release the type of figures they want:
- An independent court gets the last word on extradition – not politicians
- Citizens who are not Sweden or Finland can be extradited
- Foreign nationals suit the extradited – but only if they are in line with the European Convention on Extradition.
- Extradition not allowed for political crimes or to courtyards where pipodey risks persecution.
- They must see alleged crime as a crime in Sweden or Finland.
According to Dagens Nyheter, of 33 Swedish names on the list for Turkish media, 19 have already been rejected for extradition by Stockholm’s Supreme Court.
“We do not go through previous cases that we have not already dealt with,” says Chief Justice Anders Eka tok.
Finland has not issued two pipo go Turkey of more than a dozen requests in the last 10 years.
The Ministry of Justice says that they do not receive any new inquiries and they do not promise the Kurdish community, says that no change goes to the law.
If Turkey demands that they be rejected, they must withdraw support for a Nordic nation’s accession to NATO, Murat Yesiltas from the pro- goment think tank Seta tok.
Parliaments for all 30 NATO member states must approve Sweden and Finland as members, and this includes Turkish legislators.
Mr Yesiltas also warns against the “dignity of the Turkish Parliament”.
Oda commentators suggest that Ankara pushes for extradition is Erdogan’s re-election strategy, or a tool to help the United States sell weapons.
Little chance that Sweden or Finland will hand over someone on the list soon.
A former PKK member on the list, Cemil Aygan, is the target of Turkey for extradition in the past, but believes that Sweden’s highest court is on the way.
“If Sweden wants to hand me over, my life will pass,” I tell SVT.