Failure to implement the memorandum will cost much more than enforcing it, said the chairman of Parliament’s Foreign Affairs Committee, Akif Çağatay Kılıç, on Sunday, referring to the NATO agreement signed between Turkey, Sweden and Finland.
In a speech with the Anadolu Agency (AA), Kılıç evaluated the memorandum signed by Ankara, Stockholm and Helsinki on the two Nordic countries’ processes for NATO membership.
Kılıç stated that by applying for NATO membership due to the war between Russia and Ukraine, Sweden and Finland changed their policy of neutrality, which they had maintained until today, and added that the last step in the diplomatic process that was initiated was the signing of a memorandum. at the NATO Summit in Madrid.
A written statement was agreed in this context and the Foreign Ministers of Turkey, Sweden and Finland signed this Memorandum of Understanding, Kılıç explained, emphasizing that the agreement put the PKK back on the agenda as it was noted in the memorandum as a terrorist organization.
Kılıç noted that they also agreed to fight the terrorist organization PKK and its subsidiaries, including its Syrian affiliate, the YPG, and said: “The most important thing is that FETÖ (Gülenist Terror Group) was mentioned for the first time as a ‘terrorist organization’ in an international document. “FETÖ was part of an international consensus agreement which a terrorist organization within the meaning of Turkey considers.”
Kılıç pointed out that the memorandum clearly revealed Turkey’s reservations, wishes and determination in the fight against terrorism, while delivering the message that NATO allies stand by the country against existential threats.
Kılıç stressed that the signing of the memorandum does not mean that Sweden and Finland can immediately begin their NATO membership process, Kılıç said: “The negotiation process will continue for a while and will eventually be taken to the parliaments. We are talking about a process that must pass through the parliaments in all NATO allies. The memorandum is the beginning of this work. “
Kılıç emphasized that written commitments had been made by signing the memorandum. “If you do not keep these commitments, I’m sorry, they will not say that you are a man of your word, nor can we trust you in any so-called agreement that we come up with. Not enforcing the memorandum costs a lot more than enforcing it. As the trust will be lost, your words will have no meaning. There is a process starting in this sentence. . “
The agreement signed with Finland and Sweden to lift Turkey’s veto against their offer of NATO membership is not the end of the matter and forces the Nordic states to keep their promises, President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan said on Friday.
Speaking to reporters on a flight back from the critical NATO summit in Madrid, Erdoğan said there was no need to rush to ratify the bids in parliament. Ankara should first see if Sweden and Finland keep the promises made during the memorandum, including the extradition of suspects sought by Turkey, he said.
“This should be known: these signatures do not mean that the issue is clear … Without the approval of our Parliament, this will not take effect. So there is no reason to hurry,” said Erdoğan.
With the signing of the memorandum, Turkey raised an objection to the Nordic countries’ NATO offer. In return, Finland and Sweden will address Turkey’s concerns about terrorism.
At a press conference in Madrid at the end of the NATO summit on Thursday, Erdoğan gave similar messages to the international audience.
Sweden and Finland must fulfill the promises made to Turkey in the agreement on their offer of NATO membership, including a promise from Stockholm to extradite 73 “terrorists”, he said.
“We have strongly emphasized the message that we expect genuine solidarity from our allies, not only in words but also in deeds,” Erdoğan told reporters after the summit where the Nordic countries were formally invited into the US-led military bloc.
Their membership applications were held until the last moment by Turkey, which sought guarantees that the Nordic countries would join Turkey’s fight against PKK-linked terrorists and quickly extradite suspects. The dispute was resolved through a 10-point memorandum signed on Tuesday, which seemed to address many of Turkey’s concerns about terrorism and lift an arms embargo on Ankara imposed in response to Turkey’s military operation in Syria in 2019. But Erdoğan said he now expects the two countries must fully implement the agreement.
Erdoğan told Sweden and Finland that he could still block their efforts to join NATO if they failed to implement the new agreement with Ankara.
Finland and Sweden must first keep the promises made to Turkey in the agreement to lift their veto on their offer of NATO membership, otherwise ratification will not be sent to parliament, Erdoğan said, adding that the two Nordic countries must implement legislative changes regarding terrorists as soon as possible.
New countries’ membership applications must be approved by all NATO member states and ratified by their respective parliaments.
The deal also states that Finland and Sweden will work closely with Turkey on issues related to information exchange, extradition and, in general, the fight against terrorism.
After four hours of talks in Madrid on Tuesday, Erdoğan and his Finnish and Swedish counterparts agreed on a series of security measures to enable the two Nordic countries to overcome the Turkish veto.
According to the signed memorandum, Finland and Sweden promised not to support the PKK / YPG or FETÖ, led by US-based Fetullah Gülen, who according to Ankara arranged a coup attempt in 2016. The signed memorandum did not specify any people for extradition. Ratification in Allied parliaments is likely to take up to a year, but once that is done, Finland and Sweden will be covered by NATO’s Article 5 collective defense clause, which puts them under the US umbrella’s protective umbrella umbrella.