“Energy prices in Europe. electricity in Portugal have a tax burden which is equivalent to almost triple of the practiced in Spain. Before taxes, the cost of electricity in Portugal is one of the lowest”, highlights the table that has been shared on Facebook and motivated a request for fact checking by the Polygraph.
According to the data presented, electricity in Portugal has a total price of 0.2246 euro cents (in kW in this table), broken down as follows: 0.1007 before taxes and 0.1239 tax burden. For its part, electricity in Spain has a total price of 0.2383 euro cents (in kWh), broken down as follows: 0.1873 before taxes and 0.051 tax burden.
From these values, it can be evaluated in Portugal that it has a tax burden that is equivalent to almost triple that practiced in Spain” (0.1239 is not exactly triple 0.051 euro cents, but it is next).
Also confirm that “before taxcost of electricity in Portugal is lowest“, surpassing only those registered in Slovakia, Poland, Romania, Hungary, Lithuania and Bulgaria (the seventh lowest).
The problem is that the data is outdatedcorresponding to first half of 2018. In the base of Eurostat, the European Union’s statistics service, the values referring to the European Union are already available second half of 2021 (you can check here).
However, between 2018 and 2021, the internal tax burden on the price of electricity in Spain ?modifying the terms of the direct comparison with Portugal.
According to this latest Eurostat data, electricity in Portugal (for domestic consumption) has a total price of 0.2170 euro cents (in kWh), broken down as follows: 0.1164 before taxes and 0.1006 tax burden. For its part, electricity in Spain has a total price of 0.2816 euro cents (in kWh), broken down as follows: 0.1878 before taxes and 0.0938 tax burden.
The tax burden on the price of electricity in Portugal continues to be higher to that verified in Spain, but the difference is only 0.0068 euro cents, a far cry from “almost triple”. So we apply the stamp of “False” in the publication in question.
However, it is important to note that the price of electricity in Portugal before tax remains one of the lowest within the European Union, surpassing only those registered in Lithuania, Croatia, Slovakia, Bulgaria, Hungary and therefore (the seventh lowest, therefore).
Conversely, the total price and tax burden of electricity in Portugal continue to stand out among the more quality in the European Union, according to the data compiled by Eurostat.
Another element to bear in mind is that more recently, on June 22, 2022, the President of the Government of Spain, Pedro Sanchezannounced an intention to reduce the VAT rate applied to electricity from 10% to 5%. Confirmation of load will result in a reduction of the tax burden on the price of electricity in Spain.