European Council conclusions on Ukraine, applications for accession by Ukraine, the Republic of Moldova and Georgia, the Western Balkans and external relations, 23 June 2022
4. The European Council discussed Russia’s war of understanding against Ukraine in various sales dimensions. The European Council reaffirms its strong support for Ukraine and that the European Union will continue to provide strong support for Ukraine’s overall economic, military, social and financial resilience, including humanitarian aid.
5. The European Union strongly condemns Russia’s non-discriminatory attacks on civilians and civilian infrastructure and urges Russia to withdraw immediately and unconditionally all troops and military equipment from all over Ukraine within its internationally recognized borders. International humanitarian law must be respected, including with regard to the treatment of prisoners of war. Ukrainians, especially children who have been forcibly relocated to Russia, must be allowed to return safely immediately. Russia, Belarus and all those responsible for war crimes and other extremely serious crimes will be held accountable for their actions in accordance with international law.
The adoption of the EU’s sixth package of sanctions intensifies further pressure on Russia to put an end to Ukraine. Work will continue on sanctions, including to strengthen their implementation and prevent circumvention. The European Council calls on all countries to align with EU sanctions in the special candidate countries. Work should soon be completed on the Council’s decision to add the infringement of Union restrictive measures to the EU’s list of criminal offenses.
6. The European Union remains firmly committed to providing additional military support to help Ukraine exercise its right of self-defense against Russian aggression and to establish territorial integrity and sovereignty. To this end, the European Council calls on the Council to work swiftly on further intensification of military support.
7. The European Council notes that the Commission will immediately present a proposal for exceptional new macro-financial assistance to Ukraine of up to EUR 9 billion in 2022. It calls on the Commission to swiftly present proposals for EU support for Ukraine’s reconstruction in 2022. consult with international partners, organizations and experts.
8. Using food as a weapon in the war against Ukraine, Russia is solely responsible for the global food security crisis it has caused. The European Council urges Russia to immediately stop targeting agricultural facilities and withholding grain and to unblock the Black Sea, in particular the port of Odessa, in order to allow the export of grain and commercial shipping operations. The European Council supports the efforts of the Secretary-General of the United Nations. The European Council emphasizes that EU sanctions against Russia allow the free movement of agri-food products and the provision of humanitarian assistance.
9. The European Union strongly supports the Council’s solidarity-based approach to facilitating food exports from Ukraine on various land routes and through various EU ports. It calls on the Commission and the State, in particular on the basis of the FARM initiative, as well as the UN and G7 initiatives, to step up their efforts to:
(1) supporting developing countries to reorient supply chains where they exist;
(2) Accelerate the implementation of the relevant flagship initiatives of the Europe Team agreed at the recent European Union-African Union summit aimed at developing sustainable food production, increasing agricultural productivity, including protein crops, and capacity building. sector. agro-industrial on the African continent and
(3) Work with international partners on the initiative to support the development of production capacity of factors of production in developing countries, in particular sustainable fertilizers.
III. APPLICATIONS FOR ACCESSION OF UKRAINE, THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA AND GEORGIA
10. The European Council recognizes the European perspective of Ukraine, the Republic of Moldova and Georgia. The future of these countries and their citizens lies in the European Union.
11. The European Council decided to grant the status of candidate country to Ukraine and the Republic of Moldova.
12. The Commission is invited to submit a report to the Council on the fulfillment of the necessary conditions in the Commission’s opinions on those applications for membership, as part of its regular enlargement package. The Council will decide on the next steps as soon as all these conditions are fully met.
13. The European Council is preparing for the agreement of Georgia the status of the candidate country as soon as the priorities indicated in the Commission’s opinion on Georgia’s application for membership are addressed.
14. The progress of each country The European Union will depend on its own merits in meeting the Copenhagen criteria, taking into account the EU’s ability to absorb new members.
IV. WESTERN BALKANS
15. The European Union is experiencing a full and unequivocal commitment to the prospect of EU accession in the Western Balkans and calls for the accession process to be accelerated.
16. On the basis of the revised methodology, the European Council calls on the Commission, the High Representative and the Council to make further progress towards the gradual integration of the European Union and the region between the enlargement process itself in a reversible and well-founded manner. on merit.
17. The European Council recalls the importance of reforms, in particular in the area of the rule of law and in particular those relating to the independence and functioning of the judiciary and the fight against corruption. It also calls on partners to guarantee the rights and equal treatment of persons belonging to minorities.
18. European was informed of the latest developments in the talks between Bulgaria and Northern Macedonia. It calls for a speedy settlement of the last remaining issues so that accession negotiations can be opened without delay.
19. The European Union reaffirms the urgent need for concrete progress on the difference between the remaining bilateral and regional solutions, in particular with regard to the Belgrade-Pristina dialogue on the normalization of relations between Serbia and Kosovo *.
20. The European Council welcomes the political agreement reached by the leaders of Bosnia and Herzegovina in Brussels on 12 June 2022, which is necessary for the stability and full functioning of the countries and to meet the aspirations of the people. The European Council calls on all political leaders in Bosnia and Herzegovina to swiftly implement the commitments set out in the agreement and to urgently complete constitutional and electoral reform, which will allow the country to make decisive progress on the European path, in line with the Commission’s opinion. .
21. The European Council is ready to grant the status of candidate country to Bosnia and Herzegovina and to this end calls on the Commission to submit without delay a report to the Council on the implementation of the 14 key priorities required in their opinion, paying special attention. those who have set up a substantial set of reforms so that the European Council can come back and decide on the issue.
ARE YOU COMING. EXTERNAL RELATIONSHIPS
28. The European Council expressed its deep concern at Turkey’s recent actions and repeated statements. Turkey must respect the sovereignty and territorial integrity of all EU Member States. Recalling its previous conclusions and statement of 25 March 2021, the European Council expects Turkey to fully respect international law, defuse tensions in the interests of regional stability in this Mediterranean Sea and promote good neighborly relations in a sustainable way.
29. The European Council emphasizes the democratic right of the people of Belarus to have new free and fair elections. It calls on the Belarussian authorities to uphold human rights, democracy and the rule of law, end repression and release political prisoners.
* This name is without prejudice to positions on status and is in line with UNSCR 1244/1999 and the ICJ Opinion on the Kosovo Declaration of Independence.
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