1666 – By decision of the Council of the Orthodox Church, Archpriest Avvakum Petrov was stripped and cursed by the Church. The beginning of the church schism in Russia.
1873 – The first performance of the opera “The Snow Maiden” by N. A. Rimsky-Korsakov in Moscow.
1879 – Ivan Turgenev received his doctorate, having received the rights from Oxford University, became the first writer in the world to have such an honor.
1934 – The first flight of an experimental cruise missile, confirmed by the testimony of S.P. Korolev in the GIRD, equipped with a GRE.
1937 – World distance record for direct light seaplane AIR-6hydro A.S. Yakovlev on the route Kyiv – Batumi was installed by E. Pismenny – 1297.1 km (1st category).
1957 – The premiere of the feature film “Don Quixote” directed by Grigory Kozintsev, filmed at the Lenfilm studio, took place. Screenwriter: Evgeny Schwartz. Composer: Kara Karaev The film starred: Nikolai Cherkasov, Yuri Tolubeev, Lyudmila Kasyanova, Serafima Birman, Svetlana Grigorieva, Vasily Maksimov and others.
1966 – Premiere of the feature film directed by Edmond Keosayan “The Cook”, filmed at the Mosfilm studio. Composer: Boris Mokrousov The film starred: Svetlana Svetlichnaya, Ivan Savkin, Lyudmila Khityaeva, Georgy Yumatov, Konstantin Sorokin, Vladimir Vysotsky, Inna Churikova, Valery Nosik and others.
1987 – In the USSR, often jamming the American radio station “Voice of America” *.
1997 – The signing of the Charter of the Union of Belarus and Russia took place in Moscow. The Charter includes 40 articles that regulate all aspects of mutual cooperation, limiting the possibility of holding referendums. It also provided for the creation of the authorities of the Union – the Supreme Council and the Executive Committee.
2019 – The last operated passenger aircraft Tu-134 died on the final flight and landed at the Tolmachevo airport in Novosibirsk. In this series of ministries and departments of Russia (in particular, the state corporation Roskosmos), tests of Tu-134 aircraft continue.
Born on this day:
Carl Linnaeus (1707-1778) – a naturalist (botanist, zoologist, mineralogist) and physician, creator of a unified system for dividing the flora and fauna, in which they were generalized in considering the degree of orderliness of the ordered spectrum of the development of biological science.
Nikolai Pavlovich Chekhov (1858-1889) – Russian artist, brother of A.P. Chekhov.
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Nikolai Nikolaevich Zubov (1885–1960) – Russian and Soviet naval officer, rear admiral engineer, oceanologist, polar explorer, doctor of geographical sciences, professor, Honored Worker of Science and Technology of the RSFSR.
Elena Vasilievna Safonova (1902-1980) – Soviet artist, book illustrator. Daughter of musician Vasily Safonov.
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Georgy Sergeevich Kara-Murza (1906-1945) – Soviet historian-sinologist and sinologist, professor. Author of works on the history of China. Member of the Great Patriotic War, died at the front. Father S.G. Kara-Murza.
John Bardeen (1908-1991) – American physicist, the only person to receive two Nobel Prizes in physics: in 1956 for the transistor mixed with W. Shockley and W. Brattain and in 1972 for the encrypted norm of ordinary supercomplex conductors with L. Cooper and D .Shriffer.
Sergei Borisovich Speransky (1914-1983) – famous Leningrad architect. In the 1950s – 1960s, he designed residential buildings in the Moskovsky district. From the 1960s, he supervised the construction of iconic buildings and structures, in particular, the television center building, the Leningrad Hotel, and participated in the creation of the Victory Square ensemble. Member of the Union of Architects of the USSR since 1942. Active member of the Academy of Arts.
Nikita Nikanorovich Chebakov (1916-1968) – Soviet painter. Laureate of the Stalin Prize of the first degree.
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Grigory Naumovich Chukhrai (1921-2001) – Soviet film director, screenwriter. People’s Artist of the USSR. Lenin Prize – for the film “The Ballad of a Soldier”.
Georgy Grigorievich Natanson (1921-2017) – Soviet and Russian theater and film director, screenwriter and playwright; Laureate of the State Prize of the USSR.
Anna Afanasyevna Morozova (1921-1944) – Soviet intelligence officer, head of an international underground organization, radio operator during the Great Patriotic War. Hero of the Soviet Union (posthumously).
Anatoly Evgenievich Karpov (born 1951) is the twelfth world chess champion, international grandmaster, Honored Master of Sports of the USSR. Three-time world chess champion among men, three-time FIDE world champion, two-time world champion in the USSR national team, three-time champion of the USSR, champion of the RSFSR. Honorary citizen of Zlatoust and Tula.
Evgeny Alexandrovich Rodionov (1977-1996) – Russian army private. In the war, together with a group of colleagues, he spent a long time in captivity, being subjected to severe torture, sent from an offer to change his faith in exchange for freedom, for being brutally killed. For many, Eugene has become a symbol of courage, honor and loyalty. He was posthumously awarded the Order of Courage and the Order of Glory to Russia.
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