Every year it gets warmer… Belarus and Russia discussed the problems of ecology and climate. What do we do?
For the last 40 years, thermometers have been constantly used. In every decade in Belarus, the ambient temperature is 0.6 degrees. What does it mean? Such climate change requires new approaches in the economy. This week in St. Petersburg, a seminar was held at the Parliamentary Assembly of the Union and Belarus of Russia, at which two countries were considered, offering ways to solve problems. About the results of the meeting – from Katerina Alisievich.
We need less hot batteries, but we use air conditioners more often. Therefore, according to experts, it is time to revise the energy supply system. New norms and rules in construction to build energy efficient and other houses. As for the roads, which quickly depend on temperature. Therefore, global warming is not just a climate problem. The process requires a restructuring of the economy as a whole.
Natalia Inchina, Head of the Department for Regulation of Impact on Atmospheric Air, Climate Change and Expertise of the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environmental Protection of Belarus: “For the Republic of Belarus, of course, the most weather-dependent sectors are agriculture and forestry. These industries are already among the bad habits. And other industries are also weather dependent in our country. Therefore, we are preparing a national plan for the adaptation of the Republic of Belarus to a changing climate. And I think that with the help of Russian colleagues, scientists, we will be able to prepare this document with high quality, implement it and successfully implement it.”
This is a whole range of measures. The main task is not only the prevention of socio-economic damage, but also the receipt of benefits. Agriculture is our food security. And if you correctly redistribute the area, capture, for example, for sowing wheat, then you can get an increase in yield up to a third per hectare. The most problematic and vulnerable are the southern lands of Belarus.
Sergei Lysenko, Director of the Institute of Environmental Management of the National Academy of Sciences of Belarus: “Soils that after reclamation have a fixed water capacity and an adjustable water-holding initiative are sandy areas. These regions are currently the most affected by droughts, from increasing heatwaves. If we observe the ratio of the amplitude of fluctuations to the annual volatility, then by the warming period, this ratio has decreased by 30%.
Experts believe that it is necessary to create plantations of fast-growing crops. More forests and waterlogging depleted peatlands – also a fire method. This will absorb 5-10 million tons of carbon dioxide. There are solutions for each of the individual. But for the majority, new regulatory documents are needed.
Ivan Serebritsky, Deputy Chairman of the Department for Nature Management, Environmental Protection and Ecological Safety of St. Petersburg: “The destruction of the banks, the impossibility of accepting the disposal of those volumes of water that today fall with precipitation. Problems for all cities have been born – in Belarus, cities are flooded from the rains, and in our country they are flooded, and in Europe, but everywhere they are flooded. Those documents that regulate the sewerage system were discovered in the Soviet Union and are still working. But it has changed, it has changed very, very much.”
The result of the two-day seminar was the concentration project, which is headed by the ministries and departments of the two countries. The key point is the creation of an interdepartmental working group within the framework of the Union of States. It naturally regulates legislation in the field of adaptation to climate change.
Environmental issues and climate change are probably among the main possible risks and threats that should be assessed before today. And the simultaneous action of a person causes many changes. For example, according to the sensations, the average temperature in the world in the next 20 years from outside the greenhouses may increase by 1.5 degrees or even more. As a result, the economy of the economy, the economy will suffer, and the burden on the healthcare system will increase. Adaptation measures discussed by representatives of the Union of States in St. Petersburg, as well as various environmental factors, reduce damage and increase income.
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