Coffee drinks explained
Almost every coffee a barista makes with an espresso shot. The way that shot is made determines the name of all coffee drinks milk. That’s how it goes:
Coffee without milk
The espresso is the basis for all coffee drinks with milk. In addition, you taste the most nuance in this coffee. A semi-automatic espresso machine makes the best espresso shots. This is also the machine you always see in coffee shops. You can adjust everything yourself on these machines.
Espresso is the basis of all other coffees for a reason: real connoisseurs taste the types of beans used and how sweet, sour or bitter an espresso is. A barista is always looking for the sweet spot: the right thickness and the perfect balance between sweet, sour and bitter. An espresso is 25 to 30 milliliters.
A doppio is exactly the same as an espresso, but this is a double shot. So this is a double espresso. A doppio is 50 to 60 milliliters.
This is the type of coffee out there. This coffee therefore contains the least amount of water: on average only 15 ml. If you don’t think an espresso is strong enough, go for this coffee.
In World War II, the American soldiers stationed in Italy found the Italian espresso too strong and too bitter. They solved this by adding hot water. The basis is an espresso shot of 25 to 30 milliliters, diluted with about 60 milliliters of water.
With a lungo (also called long black), the amount of ground coffee remains the same, but otherwise up to twice as much water is used when making a lungo as with a normal espresso. Tried this coffee so less strong than an espresso. The difference with an americano is that with an americano you have the water afterwards. With a lungo, you use more water when making the coffee.