With the State Library of Naples continues the story of the Italian book heritage which, every week, accompanies visitors on a virtual journey to discover the 46 State libraries. The reports are promoted on the social channels of the Ministry of Culture led by Dario Franceschini. Founded at the end of the 18th century in the Palazzo degli Studi, the current National Archaeological Museum, it was declared a Library in 1860 while in 1927 the first headquarters were inaugurated in the Royal Palace, in the 19th-century rooms of the apartments used for parties. Today it preserves a heritage of over two and a half million documents ranging from the autographs of Giacomo Leopardi to the precious Herculaneum papyri, from the collections dedicated to the Neapolitan theater to the richly illuminated manuscripts and that the Library dedicated to Vittorio Emanuele III not only preserves and protects, but puts on the net through careful digitization work. “It is not only a collection typical of a family of collectors, but also of a personality of humanistic culture, therefore of great literary, cultural and scientific content”, explained in the video the director of the National Library, Maria Iannotti.
“The Farnese treasure is very rich in manuscripts. Like La Flora, an illuminated and decorated codex which owes its name to the extraordinary presence of flowers and fruits. It is a work of art – said the director – both as regards the binding and as regards the truly precious miniatures ”. “But our flagship is the collection of Leopardian autographs. They came to us because Leopardi died in Naples at the home of his friend Antonio Ranieri who looks after him with his sister Paolina until the last moments of his life. And he is left with manuscripts. Ranieri leaves both Leopardi’s collection and his autographs to the National Library ”, Iannotti. Today Leopardi’s papers have almost all been digitized by the Library. “It is the sign of our dual vocation, strongly anchored in the protection of texts, but definitely pushed towards the future, thanks to the network and new technologies”, the director underlined.