The share of energy from renewable sources in Slovakia in 2020 was at the level of 17 percent. According to analyst Eva Sadovska of Wood & Company, the shift away from Russian fossil fuels and the emphasis on renewable energy sources (RES) should increase.
According to her, the war in Ukraine will increase the pressure on the energy self-sufficiency of Europe, including Slovakia. Sadovská informed about it in a press release.
We have current goals
In the case of Slovakia, a target of a 14% share of RES was set for 2020. The Slovak economy thus met this target with a value of 17.3 percent. The share of energy from RES in gross electricity consumption was 23.1 percent, in heat consumption 19.4 percent and in transport 9.3 percent.
However, houses heated with wood or wood chips are also included in RES. However, several renewables experts consider this to be an unfortunate approach, as these are raw materials that provide significant emissions.
The target for the European Union was set at 20 percent for 2020, which was achieved at 22.1 percent. According to Sadovska, a transformation of the energy system in individual EU countries will be necessary to achieve the target of 32 percent renewable energy by 2030.
In addition, in 2021, the European Commission discovered an interesting target, 40 percent by 2030, to prepare for carbon neutrality by 2050.
Share of energy from renewable sources
“According to the Statistical Office of the Slovak Republic, the gross production of electricity from renewable sources in Slovakia amounted to 7,279 gigawatt hours. Hydropower plants accounted for the largest share, more than two-thirds (67.2 percent). This was followed by wood, including wood waste and other solid waste, with a share of 15.4 percent. Solar photovoltaics accounted for 9.1 percent of RES in electricity production, biogas for seven percent. “ said Sadovska.
In the coming years, it will therefore be necessary to support Slovakia and the EU, according to Sadovská, to increase the share of energy from renewable sources. In Slovakia, the potential of geothermal energy projects, as well as hydrogeological measurements and surveys.
“Geothermal energy is used in the world to produce electricity, heat and cold, all these uses are applicable in our country. Unlike the sun or the wind, it is a source independent of external influences and is available 24 hours a day without significant fluctuations and is therefore considered one of the most reliable sources in terms of electricity system stability and security of energy supply. “ added geothermal energy expert Michal Masek.
According to Sadovská, the benefits of this type of ZE are accurate, as it is a sustainable energy source with minimal operating costs, which is also full of the environment.