Teaser image source: R_by_nuedeli_pixelio.de
Heatwaves and heavy precipitation as a result of climate change endanger people. On the basis of the structure plans, settlements and infrastructure should therefore be adapted to the changed environmental conditions. A new working aid from the Federal Office for Spatial Development ARE shows how the cantons can proceed.
Source: Eyewall ZRH Flickr CC
The world we live in has to adapt in order to mitigate the consequences of climate change. In the picture: Greater Zurich region.
Because structure plans are binding for all authorities, it is an important tool for responding spatially to the challenges of climate change. The Federal Office for Spatial Development ARE will support the cantons with a new work aid to identify the spatial causes and effects of climate change and to include the necessary principles and measures in their structure plans. The aim is to increase the adaptability of spatial development to climate change and its damage potential.
dealing with change
Practical examples should help the cantons to update their structure plans. The working aid is preceded by a supplement to the existing guidelines for cantonal structure planning. In it, the federal government calls on the cantons to deal with climate change in their structure plans and to introduce and define measures.
The new work aid lists both examples of measures for climate protection and for the adaptation of settlement development to the consequences of climate change.
Geneva encourages walking and cycling
When it comes to climate protection, the focus is on avoiding or reducing greenhouse gas emissions. The canton of Geneva, for example, puts a lot of emphasis on promoting walking and cycling in the structure plan and defines corresponding tasks for the canton and the municipalities. Geneva’s measures are in line with the ARE’s goal of shifting motorized private transport to public transport and increasing cycling and walking. The planning principle of short paths is an important spatial planning lever for climate protection.
The canton of Schaffhausen wants to make areas more permeable to water. This should counteract floods and drought and allow groundwater reserves to form. (icon picture)
Schaffhausen wants to make soil more permeable to water
When adapting to climate change, the canton of Schaffhausen provides, for example, in the structure plan to make areas in the settlement area as permeable as possible. Rainwater should be able to seep away over larger areas so that groundwater reserves can form again. This is intended to reduce the risk of rainwater running off the surface and causing flooding and to counteract drought. In the Schaffhausen structure plan, the municipalities are asked to include corresponding regulations in the building and usage regulations.
Coordinate traffic and space better
ARE has launched a number of other programs and pilot projects designed to help mitigate the effects of climate change. The ARE’s periodic traffic perspectives assume that traffic will continue to grow strongly. In the current revision of the sectoral plan for transport, the federal government is therefore striving to coordinate the entire transport system even better and coordinate it more closely with spatial development. In addition, the federal government will promote a more consistent coordination of settlement, traffic and landscape in the agglomerations.
The cantonal structure plans are approved by the Federal Council. With the revised Spatial Planning Act (RPG), the role of the structure plan in the area of settlement development was specified and strengthened. The work aid for the cantons is a useful supplement. Even small changes can have major positive effects, as can be deduced from cybernetic laws. (many/sts)
The work aid can be downloaded here: www.are.admin.ch
Source: Marvin Meyer, unsplash
Internal densification makes it possible to shorten routes, which reduces energy consumption and thus greenhouse gas emissions.