Arriving in Portugal, after 16 years in England, I found myself, usually in the British system, sending e-mails to the Assembly of the Republic to better understand proposals relating to copyright as well as letters and petitions (in acquaintance with neighbors ) regarding the need to build a roundabout at a certain point on Avenida Marginal, Paço de Arcos, where he resides. To my great dismay, when I ask questions and doubts about copyright to those who don’t know the answer and who don’t know myself, the answer is null. As for the roundabout (important on many levels, including road safety) it was obtained comments of the Chamber, which blames Portuguese Infrastructure in this matter.
The legislature, which lives a certain bond, there is still a bond between deputies and parliamentarians that lives, of course, is my representative, of course, of my representative, who lives, of course, for my representative, of course , of course, to my representative, through parliamentary procedures. with the relevant Chambers and with the Portuguese Infrastructures, I would try to understand the presence of an endless number of roundabouts on the same Avenida Marginal, in Cascais and the inexplicable absence of the roundabout in Oeiras and, believe me, the matter has already been resolved (by) .
This is because the voter force in the United Kingdom in direct link and close system between lead the deputy who represents them. The United Kingdom is divided into 650 elected names, each by an elected (designated) Member of Parliament or MP) House of Commons, with the selection system for the selection of its representative district first after rank. Consequently, each MP protects the constituency that elected it with a degree of dedication. Other systems such as Portuguese (already seem political) do not encourage the connection between representatives and circle, relationship, strengthening, yes, between them and the party of respect.
Indeed, it has a closed and blocked multi-member list voting system (Portugal). Each party presents a list of candidates by constituency, candidates who are ordered according to the will of the party. The person exercising the vote in relation to the list presented by his party (list suffrage). The number of votes is proportional to the number of votes that the party obtains (proportional representation by constituencies) and the fulfillment of mandates depends on the order contained in that list. There is a partisan monopoly on the presentation and ordering of the list.
Therefore, candidates know that their election does not depend so much on the popular will of the party leadership, that is, that their survival policy depends to a high degree on the party and not on the population. As such a circle, pleasure to the party consists of a basic, Darwinian imperative, while the members of the constituency, being not without interest, translates the members of its fundamental education.
Note that in Portugal the deputies represent the whole country and not just those who do so much in their circle. The system, unlike the UK, as a rule, between an elaborate disciplinary representation, among themselves, the system can lead to a quality of presence of a subjugated policy. to the party irrespective of the constituency and to the decline in voter turnout.
That is, that is, that Portugal is free of will, that it is a democratic electoral system, that is, that it is fundamental for the expression of freedom, requiring a reform that Portugal can be free of will, despite not having an impacting democracy.
Crucial to maintain the parliamentary participation of the system (electoral to the number of each party or coli voting) that generates a greater proportional participation, a proportional participation and only the elected does not require the Constitution of the Constitution. It is sufficient to fully implement article 149 of the Basic Law, which allows the introduction of single-member constituencies – similar to the United Kingdom’s electoral system.
An example title, a proposal by the Association for Economic and Social Development (SEDES) and the Association for Quality for a Democracy (APDQ) precisely a proposal to implement Article 149 of the CRP, following the German system.
Also as a title, the PSD recommended, for example, a change in the closer and more direct relationship of the constituency, between an example structure, and the recently elected, an example voter, a voter, a voter, an example, a voter, an example, a voter. This non-change, unfortunately, is the introduction of single-members by the solution – a circle that seems to me fundamental to ensure the desired origin – but by the adoption of preferential voting, in the context here in which parties would form and present lists of candidates as assigned, as so far, being able, however, to invest them in the ordering of the same.
As is well known, the current electoral system has its origins in the creation of the Constituent Assembly (in 1975) and the desire to guarantee plurality of representation in the process of creating and approving a new Constitution in the name of the functioning of democracy. Past almost stimulates the greatest goal among the best goals and in the name of democracy. Representatives care about representatives and they are better seen, thus increasing their attractiveness in the electoral process. This reform is indispensable and does not require constitutional revision.
The author does not write according to the new spelling agreement.
Patricia Akester is Founder of GPI/IPO, Office of Legal Counsel and Associate of CIPIL, University of Cambridge