In the new year, in accordance with the wishes of our readers, we have created in ZdG a new section, in which the main topics and topics will be about the problems and achievements of the people and villages of the Republic of Moldova. In this first article we invite you to find out some curious details about the lives of people living in the satellite of the Republic of Moldova.
The largest and smallest localities in the Republic of Moldova
In the Republic of Moldova, according to the 2021 Statistical Brief, prepared by the National Bureau of Statistics (NBS), there are 916 villages. The village with the most inhabitants is Congaz, which is part of the Gagauzia Autonomous Territorial Unit, with a population of about 11.5 thousand inhabitants. Congaz is located about 117 km from Chisinau and is not only the largest village in the Republic of Moldova, but also one of the largest European villages in terms of population.
Thus, according to the most recent population census, which dates from 2014, the villages in the Republic of Moldova with the most inhabitants are:
- Congaz, Gagauzia Autonomous Territorial Unit,
- Costesti, Ialoveni district;
- Cărpineni, Hâncești district;
- Stăuceni, Stăuceni commune;
- Copceac, mun. Comrat;
- Baurci, mun. Comrat;
- Băcioi, mun. Chisinau;
- Corjeuti, Briceni district;
- Truseni, Chisinau municipality;
- Pelinia, Drochia district;
Statistics show that all rural areas in Moldova are on the verge of extinction. According to the 2014 census, there were at least 120 villages in the Republic of Moldova with less than 100 inhabitants. There are also communes where several hundred people live. In the commune of Salcia, in the district of Taraclia, which consists of the villages of Salcia and Orehovca, according to the data of the 2014 census, lived about 300 people. Among the least populated districts in the Republic of Moldova are Dubasari, Soldanesti, Taraclia and Donduseni.
Communes with the fewest inhabitants:
- Salcia commune, Taraclia district,
- Ochiul Roș commune, Anenii Noi district
- Alava commune, Ștefa districtn Voda
- Șumna commune, Rascani district
- Pereni commune, Rezina district
Statistics on life in Moldovan villages
A study conducted by the Institute for Rural Initiatives (iRi) states that in 2021, more than half of rural households did not have an aqueduct inside, 70% had a toilet in the garden and did not have a sewage system. . .
The toilet in the yard, the lack of aqueduct and sewerage in households, low quality services and the absence of cultural life are just some of the realities of living in the village, recent studies show. The young rural population wants a stable income and a family. For this reason, more and more young people are opting for a city trip. For example, in the districts of Cantemir, Soldanesti or Hincesti, there are 2 family doctors per 10,000 inhabitants, ie two specialists must serve four or five villages each.
The average monthly income in rural areas, registered in 2020 by the National Bureau of Statistics (NBS), is just over 2700 lei. The structure of consumer spending shows in the country, to meet basic food needs, are about 44% of income.
In the research on rural-urban division, the Institute for Rural Initiatives mentions the quality of food consumption: the daily menu in the villages consists mostly of flour products (128 kg of bread per capita per year, compared to 109 kg ). in the city), being deficient in meat, dairy and eggs, while the consumption of vegetables and fruits in rural areas does not differ significantly from that in urban areas.
The data that proves their Moldovan aging should not matter to you. According to the Household Budget Survey data, in 2020, out of the total number of rural households, 62.3% were composed of at least one person over 60 years of age. NBS data for the years 2020-2021 show that the main activity of the elderly in rural areas is agricultural work. Every fourth employed elderly person was involved in agricultural activities, declaring the farm or agricultural land as the main place of work. Every third person worked in the field of social services, provided mainly by the state.
In a study on the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic in Moldovan villages, the Institute for Rural Initiatives identified that the rural environment is much more vulnerable to misinformation and rumors: on average, 38% of people believe true popular misconceptions about the origin . , forms of manifestation and treatment against COVID-19, compared to 31% of citizens. Rural residents area about 65% of the entire population of the country.
Curiosities about the villages in the Republic of Moldova
In the village Taul, Dondușeni district, we find the largest park in the country – Țaul Park. It is located in the southern part of the village of Țaul and was founded at the beginning of the 20th century, around the mansion of the Pommer families.
In the village CRIVATBriceni district, is the third largest gypsum cave in the world – “Emil Racoviță” Cave, ranking eighth in the ranking of all giant caves on Earth.
In the village Milestii Mici, at the winery of the same name, a wine collection of 1.5 million bottles is kept. The collection was included in the Book of Records in the category of the largest collection of quality wines in the world.
In the village Ternovca, Slobozia district, is the largest building in the world in the form of a bottle (28m). It houses the Museum of Alcoholic Beverages.
Near the village Chircăieşti, Nisporeni district, the famous earth waves end – “The waves of Trajan de Sus. In historiography, they are considered a defense system of the Roman Empire “against the northern barbarians, who live on the territory between the Dniester and the Prut.”
in the commune Bălăneşti, Nisporeni district, is the highest point in the Republic of Moldova. Bălănești Hill, also known as “Miron’s Peak”, has an altitude of 430 meters.
The Republic of Moldova is located in the southeastern part of Central Europe, having common borders with Romania and Ukraine, and occupies a territory of 33,843.5 km.2. The total length of the national border is 1,389 km, including 939 km – with Ukraine, 450 km – with Romania. The northernmost point of the country is the village of Naslavcea, and the southernmost – Giurgiulesti, which is the only locality in the Republic of Moldova on the Danube. The westernmost point is the village of Criva, the easternmost being the village of Palanca.