First anniversary of the entry into force of the Treaty on the prohibition of nuclear weapons, also thanks to the ratification of the Republic of San Marino
The Secretariat of State for Foreign Affairs, one year after the entry into force of the Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons, intends to mark the significant anniversary to keep the focus on the important multilateral legally binding instrument on the essential role it plays. in building a world free from nuclear weapons. The United Nations Prohibition Treaty was adopted by the General Assembly of Nations on 7 July 2017 and following the deposit instrument of the 50th, which took place on 24 October 2020, the Treaty entered into force on 22 January 2021. that San Marino signed the Treaty on 20 September 2017 and ratified it on 26 September 2018, having been among the first 50 States Parties that allowed its entry into force, thus making the path towards a world without nuclear weapons. The Nuclear Weapons Prohibition Treaty includes a comprehensive set of prohibitions relating to the development, testing, production, possession and use or threatening of use of nuclear weapons; it also prohibits the deployment of nuclear weapons on national territory and the provision of assistance to other States in carrying out activities prohibited by the Treaty itself. This multilateral instrument also obliges States to provide assistance to adequate persons affected by the use or experimentation of nuclear weapons, as well as to take the necessary measures for the reclamation of areas contaminated following activities related to testing or use of environmental weapons. nuclear. The Republic of San Marino, a country historically devoted to peace and dialogue, has always worked for a world free of weapons of mass destruction, including nuclear weapons, whose catastrophic humanitarian consequences pose a serious threat to the present and the future. of humanity. By signing and ratifying the Treaty, the Republic of San Marino required the use of clear international law: any threat or use of nuclear weapons is a violation of environmental law and human rights. Currently, the delegation to the United Nations participates in the meetings preceding the First Conference of the States Parties to the Treaty, scheduled for the current year in Vienna.