Northern farmers need February to save nearby crops
The drought that is felt causes alarms “it is not yet a situation that cultivates a rainy climate in the North”, so that next year’s crops will not be observed.
According to the members of the APT – Associação dos Agricultores e Pastores do Norte, the drought “is not yet an alarming situation” in the North of the country, director João Morais tells Lusa.
The agricultural engineer said that the region suffers from “a meteorological drought, not a hydrological drought, as there is in the South”, and this happens “because there is still water in the soils”.
For the director-general of the Association of Young Farmers of Portugal (AJAP), Firmino Cordeiro, “it is impressive that we are talking about an almost drought in mid-January”.
“What’s happening is that, in addition to this covid-19 thing, which has afflicted our lives, we have to deal with something even more complicated, which is climate change, with the disruptions that are taking place in all areas. as geographies of the world, and in particular in our country”, he continues.
This official explains that, despite the fact that the North is more rainy than the rest of the mainland, the region has, “on the one hand, the North more coastal, between Douro and Minho”, which “must be in the areas of the country where there are more coastal “more rain, more”.
“On the other hand, Trás-os-Montes and Alto Douro, namely in the so-called ‘hot land of Trás-os-Montes’, are among the areas of the country where it rains less, including some areas of the deep Alentejo”, he points out.
With a more serious lack of water in the region of Trás-os-Montes, Firmino Cordeiro considers that there is an “extremely delicate situation” even on the coast.
“To arrive in mid-January with little water accumulated in the soil is terrible. It is for crops that can be used to make in this more coastal region, such as green silage wine, corn, other fruit trees, lemon trees, horticulture and other free zones, almost without irrigation in Póvoa de Var zones in the same region as Entre Douro and Minho”, he explained.
When the water in the soil starts to run low, it is necessary to start watering and “watering is a problem, because it is removed from wells and holes, which, if it does not rain, will have a much more delicate replacement capacity”.
In the region of Trás-os-Montes and Alto Douro, as rainfed crops, such as “traditional olive groves, almond groves, vineyards in the Douro region” live in “very weak soils, based on schist, with little organic matter”. , soils with little water return capacity”.
“In these areas, when it rains regularly in winter and spring, water is retained between regular layers. If it will disappear, if it will not come in, it is not there. It decimates this year’s crop and makes it difficult for the next year’s crop, because the plant has to accumulate reserves for future sprouting the following year”, explains the AJAP director.
Even with a drought in the winter months, “trees are fantastic plants that can repair when what’s missing arrives, as long as it’s not too late”.
That is why Firmino Cordeiro defends that, “until the end of February, a good week or two of rain could solve many of the shortcomings of this moment”.
João Morais also considers that the problem “can be solved” if there is rain in February.
The APT leader says that the rain and cattle herders of cattle, goats and sheep “are there on arrival they have a reserve” and that, “still arriving, the situation is still under control, but if we don’t have it in the next few months, it will be quite alarming”.
“Let’s pray to the saints, for those who believe, and those who don’t, to do better for this country and for the world, because this is the problem of the century and people are still looking a little to the side”, he concludes.
Horticulturists in the West region already water crops at this time of year
The lack of rain is starting to worry about the Western Horticulture Association, which warns that the president of agriculture, which is not customary at this time in the West, said Sérgio Ferreira today
“The situation is concerned if it continues without rain and if there is a lack of water in the coming months, because we do not have large reserves of water and what we have is on the surface,” said Sérgio Ferreira to the Lusa agency.
However, “for now they still have water” in this period.
Contrary to what is usual at this time of year, individuals have been watering the crops due to the lack of water in recent weeks, added to the time of year.
“We are watering land that is not even prepared for this at this time of year”, he underlined.
The leader fights shortages with the price of shortages with increasing water to water systems and increasing water once water to water systems are rare as water to water systems are rare. .
“With the increase in energy, irrigation is increasingly expensive” and this is a “concern”, due to the lack of costs for existing surface or underground water.
The horticulture sector employs around 500 million euros, employs around 7,000 workers who want farms, in the processing and transformation centers of products, and sells products for agriculture and to the main national markets, estimates the Interprofessional Association of Horticulture. from the West.
Most explorations are in Torres Vedras.
In July, this municipality, two irrigation associations and two other entities established partnerships to study solutions for the use of water for agriculture in this concept.
Horticulture is the main agricultural subsector most dependent on water in the region.
The West region is made up of the municipalities comprising Alcobaça, Bombarral, Caldas da Rainha, Nazaré, Óbidos and Peniche, in the district of Leiria, and by Alenquer, Arruda dos Vinhos, Cadaval, Lourinhã, Sobral de Monte Agraço and Torres Vedras, in the district of Lisbon.
Farmers in Portalegre “apprehensive” due to lack of rain
The Associação dos Agricultores do Distrito de Portalegre (AADP) was today “apprehensive” about the lack of rain in the region, because, although the situation is not yet “dramatic”, the spring/summer crops “are very far” from being assured.
“Spring/summer crops need a lot of water and, for now, not guaranteed, they are far from guaranteed”, warned the Lusa agency to the president of the AADP, Fermelinda Carvalho.
As for the autumn/winter crops, according to the official, they are at this point “in need of more water”, but, for now, the situation “is not yet dramatic” for most of them.
“But within a short time, it is [dramático], if it doesn’t rain”, warned Fermelinda Carvalho.
The situation that is still far behind, due to the lack of agriculture, although, due to a situation that is still far behind, must be considered much less agricultural.
“We are apprehensive, we are not facing a good agricultural year,” he said, also expressing anticipation that as for spring, no period of the year is fundamental in agriculture”.
The president of the AADP argued that, “sometimes, in the spring, they recompose themselves, as long as it rains a lot”, but, at this moment, the rain has already fallen “there are not enough things”.
The “very low n” that the dams will initially present is also a situation that is concerned with the sector, according to the official.
“In terms of the water level in the field, an early autumn was planned that was not bad. It rained something, but for the water reserves it is very bad and it is starting to be very worrying, not least because we have no prospects” for the near future that it will “rain seriously”, he added.
Contacted by Lusa, Luís Rodrigues, from the Association of Irrigators and Beneficiaries of Caia, in Elvas (Portalegre), indicated that this year’s “is assured”, as well as the campaign to supply water to the populations.
In agricultural terms, which is due to the irregularity of the alert or two years responsible, who fail to program agricultural programs to or three years.
Luís Rodrigues also indicated that the Caia reservoir has 109 million cubic meters of water stored in meters of cubic meters at 57% of its total capacity, which is 203 million cubic meters of water.
The advantageous, advantageous climate, said that Lusa, on Tuesday, which has not yet reached a height, considered itself at the levels of the last 20 years for this time, considered but at the levels of the last 20 years for this season, especially , but not dry in the last 20 years to this time.
The drought situation “between weak and medium” is already in the quarter of 2021 and there is no significant rain yet, at least until the end of January, according to the climatologist.