This report was commissioned by the Minister of the Economy Pierre-Yves Dermagne (PS) and quoted in L’Echo on Thursday. In order to map this dependence, the FPS Economy looked in detail at Belgium’s imports, in particular those from countries outside the European Union.
With regard to products, the SPF identifies 158 that are of strategic importance and on which we are dependent. These are mainly chemicals, metals, fuels, plastics and rubber. The main suppliers of Belgium for these imports in value are Singapore, the United States and Russia, while in number they are the United States (for 135 products out of 158), the United Kingdom (for 125 products in 158) and China (for 114 products out of 158).
Metallurgy and textiles
At the sector level, “ Belgian industry depends mainly on inputs from other member countries of the European Union, however 38% of our imports are from outside the European Union, including 9% from South and South-East Asia ”, underlines this report.
Among the sectors that are particularly dependent on foreign countries, the document identifies those of metallurgy, textiles, the manufacture of electrical equipment and even coking.