The socialist president of the departmental council Georges Méric launched, Tuesday, December 14, the experiment of the basic income which will concern 1000 young people from 18 to 24 years who will draw lots.
“The health crisis has revealed the situation of great fragility and the precariousness of young people, the first victims of the economic slowdown. It is a sacrificed generation. Helping them to exist is not helping them ”.
It is on the basis of this observation made last September that the socialist president of the departmental council of Haute-Garonne Georges Méric announced, Tuesday, December 14 during a press conference at the Hôtel du Département in Toulouse, the launch of the experiment with a basic income of 500 euros.
The departmental elected officials were, in the afternoon, to vote for “the experimentation of a living income” which concerned, from March 2022, 1,000 young people aged 18 to 24, drawn at random, for a period of time. 18 months.
Social assistance exemptions
An age group exempt from active solidarity income (RSA), but clearly present in the databases of the departmental council. The community, which has surrounded itself with a team of teacher-researchers from Toulouse 2 Jean Jaurès University – the interdisciplinary laboratory, solidarities, societies and territories (LISST) -, advances with caution in the absence of a Basic income experimentation law, revoked by the National Assembly in 2019.
Moreover, the prefecture of Haute-Garonne must decide next January on the local experiment which will be funded by the Department to the tune of 9 million euros.
Haute-Garonne is not the only one to study basic income.
In 2019, 18 departments with a socialist majority, led by Jean-Luc Gleyze, the president of the Gironde departmental council, decided to embark on the adventure. For now, for the Study Department, it will be a first drawing of lots on the basis of young people who have broken with social assistance, but not only.
“A scientific experiment”
In theory, the future benefits of the basic income will accumulate it with other income: student grant, personal housing assistance (APL), even student job or precarious salaried employment. In any case, this is what the Department promises, which has not decided on the minimum income that can be combined with a basic income. If a young person wins the minimum wage and is drawn? The answer is not clear, because the candidates can be “apprentices, employees, unemployed, students …”, confides the community.
This is where the academics who undertake to follow the beneficiaries for the duration of the experiment will come into play. “It is important that our laboratory (LISST) is engaged from an academic point of view,” indicates François Sicot, teacher-researcher at UT2 Jean Jaurès. It is our DNA to contribute to public policies. “
For the departmental council, it is a question of “scientifically evaluating the impact of this basic income on the life trajectory of the young participants”. Clearly, how the income helps them “to integrate into housing, employment, social and civic participation, well-being, health, relationship with those around them …”