Today, 381 years of the Restoration of the Independence of Portugal are commemorated.
A coup d’état occurred on December 1st, 1649, led by a group called Os Forty Conjurados, which spread throughout the kingdom, originated by the Portuguese revolt against the attempt to annul the independence of the kingdom of Portugal by the ruling of the Dynasty Filipina Castilian.
There were 120 conspirators who, on the morning of December 1, 1640, invaded the Paço da Ribeira, in Lisbon, to overthrow a Spanish dynasty that had ruled the country since 1580. Miguel de Vasconcelos, who represented Castilian interests, was killed and thrown through the window.
The coup ended with the establishment of the fourth Portuguese Dynasty, the House of Bragança, which reigned in Portugal from 1640 BC. 1910 and with the acclamation of D. João IV.
It was the Bragantino messianism that ended up being used to legitimize the accession of D. João IV based on the loyalty of the nobles and the dynasty that descended from D. Manuel.
D. João IV, nicknamed O Restaurador, was King of Portugal and Algarves from 1640 until his death, and Duke of Bragança from 1630 to 1645. He was the leader of the Restoration War for the reconquest and recognition of Portugal’s independence from the control of Spain.
Portuguese autonomy was finally achieved after sixty years of the Iberian Union (1580-1640).
Even so, restoration of independence would only be recognized by the Spaniards 27 years later, with the signing of the Treaty of Lisbon.
It should be remembered that this national holiday, as of 2013, as part of a package of measures aimed at increasing productivity, was eliminated by the Portuguese government. However, the celebration of the Restoration of Portuguese Independence was resumed as a public holiday in 2016.