Intense with deafening messages are, in addition to the well-known nightmares of the demographic, the findings arising from the examination of the census data after 1961 and for employment or not in Greece. The main conclusion that emerges is that continuously and for 60 years a Greek employee and retiree “feeds” two who do not work and have no income. Also, the special composition of the population confirms the warnings about the -direct and opposite- of the course of the main demographic developments in the economic and social development.
The present research shows that these are already very intense and will become more intense as it is now taken for granted that the population is declining and aging today and in the coming decades, even if the necessary measures are taken, among other things, and an active demographic policy, which will gradually change key demographic indicators and age structures and alleviate somewhat this major national and economic problem.
The elements that cause surprise
The data of the listed tables that they compiled based on the data of the inventories and ELSTAT are eloquent. Simple, I will suffice with the presentation of the main findings.
Specifically, from the data that present the composition of the population by categories of employment (economically active and economically inactive) the observations emerge:
- First, The Greek population that “sits” (inactive and unemployed) today represents about 70% of the population, compared to about 60% in 1961.
Second, the employed make up 35.3% of the population, compared to 37.2% in 1961, retirees are growing and multiplying as they make up 27.9%, compared to only 7.8% in 1961.
- Also, the pupil and student mainly population continuously as it constitutes 17.4% of the total population, compared to only 8.4% in 1961 (it is noted that in 1961 the students amounted to only 30,000!), The unemployed 7.2%, compared to 2.8% in 1961 and 58.9% of employees and retirees feeding all the rest compared to 45% in 1961.
- Third, each employed and retired person has about two of the total population and more than one “sitting”. That is, those who provide income for households are about equal to those who “sit”!
- Fourth, the catastrophe for the current and tomorrow’s state of the social security system stems from the relationship between employees and retirees. Today this ratio is 1: 1.5, compared to 1: 4.8 in 1961!
- Fifth, also, each pupil and student has two employees, compared to 4.3 in 1961 and 1.4 retired, compared to 0.9 in 1961. That is, the number of employees is twice as many as students and the number of retirees is 1.4 times , compared to 4.3 (times) and 0.9 (times) in 1961 respectively. That is, one can assume that today the pupils and students are “fed” by the employed and the pensioners participate in a larger percentage than in 1961.