In the Republic of Moldova, the number of people diagnosed with diabetes has doubled in the last year. Deaths caused by complications of diabetes register a significant increase – Ziarul de Garda
If diabetes is not monitored, the disease inevitably causes disability already at working age and reduces on average 10 years of life expectancy. Moreover, every third person with blindness and kidney failure suffers from diabetes, and 70% of lower limb amputations are caused by complications of diabetes., transmits the National Agency for Public Health (ANSP), in a press release, on the occasion of the World Diabetes Day, marked today, Sunday, November 14.
This year, 2021 is the title of World Diabetes Day (WMD) and the largest global diabetes awareness campaign. “Access to diabetes care. If not now, then when?”, announces ANSP.
The Republic of Moldova is part of the United Nations (UN) which has this official awareness-raising institution on the prevention and management of diabetes in partnership with the International Diabetes Federation (IDF), in 1991. Over one billion people in about 160 countries The world is joining the activities of this global campaign in response to the growing threat of the spread of diabetes to public health. Diabetes is a chronic or non-communicable disease that occurs when the pancreas can no longer produce insulin or when the body does not have the ability to use the insulin it produces. Although it is a disease, people with diabetes can live a long and healthy life if they can manage the disease. The most important components in the effective management of diabetes are:
- Constant monitoring and management of blood glucose;
- Access to oral anti-diabetic drugs and insulin;
- Regulated and organized medical care.
If diabetes is not monitored, the disease inevitably causes disability already at working age and reduces on average 10 years of life expectancy. Moreover, every third person with blindness and kidney failure suffers from diabetes, and 70% of lower limb amputations are caused by complications of diabetes.
In 2019, worldwide, 463 million adults, ie 1 in 11 adults lived with diabetes. Of these, 136 million or 1 in 5 people with diabetes are over 65 years old. In 2019, diabetes took the lives of 4.2 million people!
50% of people with diabetes remain undiagnosed. Thus, 232 million people do not even know they have diabetes.
Expenditure on healthcare generated by diabetes are around 10% of the total amount allocated to healthcare worldwide in 2019.
3 out of 4 people with diabetes live in low- and middle-income countries.
In the Republic of Moldova this disease 46-48% of all endocrine diseases, nutrition and metabolism diseases.
In the last ten years in our country the rate of illness due to diabetes, disability and mortality caused by diabetes is very high, especially compared to other European countries. The number of cases of diabetes has doubled, from 171.1 cases per 10 thousand inhabitants in 2010 to 335.2 cases per 10 thousand inhabitants in 2020. In 2020, 118,822 patients with diabetes were registered. At the same time, the deaths caused by diabetes complications in our country register a marked increase to 466 deaths per 100 thousand inhabitants in 2020.
The risk factors that cause diabetes are:
- Dyslipidemia – a condition characterized by altered fat metabolism, highlighted by changes in cholesterol levels, LDL and HDL fractions, but also triglycerides.
- High blood pressure;
- Unbalanced / chaotic diet,
- Reduced physical activity (less than 30 min / day)
- Tobacco and alcohol consumption.
5 tips that can help you keep your diabetes under control:
- Ask your family doctor to help you understand how to stay healthy if you have been diagnosed with diabetes;
- Monitors and maintains within healthy limits (target limits) the level of glucose and cholesterol in the blood, but also blood pressure;
- Quit smoking;
- Adopt a balanced diet;
- Be active – 30 minutes of physical activity a day will help you keep your diabetes under control.
Don’t forget to consult a family doctor as soon as you feel the change in your health and perform prophylactic medical check-ups at least twice a year, ANSP reports.
In the context of World Diabetes Day, on Monday months, in diabetes republics will be organized diabetes screening activities (rapid blood sugar testing), collective information activities (schools, jobs, primary and hospital medical institutions) , announces ANSP.