In the Covid 19 pandemic year 2020, life expectancy fell by 0.9 to 81.0 years for men and by 0.5 to 85.1 years for women compared to the previous year. According to the Federal Statistical Office (FSO), such a decrease has not been observed in men since 1944 and in women since 1962.
In 2020, the highest life expectancy for women was observed in the cantons of Appenzell-Innerrhoden (87.3 years), Zug (86.2) and Uri (86.2). For men, it was the cantons of Nidwalden (83.7), Zug (82.9) and Basel-Landschaft (82.3). Life expectancy at birth fell most clearly between 2019 and 2020 for men in the cantons of Obwalden (-2.5 years), Ticino (-2.3) and Geneva (-2.3) and for women in the cantons of Jura ( -1.8), Geneva (-1.5) and Schwyz (-1.4).
Life expectancy is extremely limited
Between 2019 and 2020, life expectancy at the age of 65 declined by 0.7 years for men and 0.5 years for women due to pandemic education. The life expectancy of men at the age of 65 fell from 20.0 to 19.3 years between 2019 and 2020. That of women decreased from 22.7 to 22.2 years.
While such a sharp decline has never been observed for men, life expectancy at the age of 65 was even more favorable for women in 1944 due to a particularly harsh winter. At the cantonal level, the greatest decreases in life expectancy at the age of 65 for men were seen in the cantons of Schwyz (–2.1 years), Geneva (–1.8 years) and Ticino (–1.8) and for men Observe women in the cantons of Jura (-1.8), Obwalden (-1.7), Vaud (-1.4) and Ticino (-1.4).
The number of states in Switzerland has never been so high
Due to the population growth and the advanced age of the baby boom cohorts from 1940 to 1970, which has tended to increase in recent decades. At the same time, the number of services per 1000 persons of the permanent resident population is (crude death rate).
The year 2020 stands out in several ways, most notably a record number of 67,780 in 2019). Such a high value has never been registered since the beginning of the systematic recording of the sights by the registry offices in 1876. While the crude death rate was not excessively high in 2020 (8.8 per 1,000 people; 2019: 7.9), the annual increase in this number between 2019 and 2020 was exceptionally strong (+ 11.3% compared to + 0.3% between 2018 and 2019).
Mortality increases to different degrees in the cantons
Between 2019 and 2020, mortality increased more sharply in the cantons in western and southern Switzerland. The increase in Geneva, the Jura and Ticino ranged between + 25% and + 27%. In the cantons of Obwalden, Schwyz, Waadt and Friborg the increases are also over 20%. In Niwalden the number fell, 3% on the other hand slightly (–0) and in the cantons of Graubünden, Glarus, Basel-Stadt and Schaffhausen it increased by less than 5%. So the rise of the cantons in the north and east of Switzerland field less strongly.
Differences and similarities between 1918 and 2020
A comparison of mortality in Switzerland during the two pandemics reveals major differences. In the course of the Spanish flu in 1918, significantly more residents were registered than in 2020 due to the Covid-19 pandemic. In 1918, the Spanish flu was responsible for close to 22,000 government officials, which corresponds to 5.6 countries per 1,000 people.
In 2020 (according to BAG) 7,600 people or 0.9 per 1,000 people died of Covid-19. The Spanish flu in 1918 mainly affected women and men between the ages of 20 and 40, while Covid-19 mainly killed people over the age of 80. Between 1917 and 1918, the life expectancy of men at birth decreased by 10.1 years and that of women by 8.4 years, a significantly greater decrease than between 2019 and 2020.
However, the pandemics of 1918 and 2020 also have some striking similarities. In both absolute and relative numbers, more men than women fell victim to the pandemics. The second wave of infection took place in the same months in 1918 and 2020 and the peak of the two pandemics was in November. In both cases, the cantons in the west had higher overall death rates than those in the east. Ultimately, the number of cases in 2020 combined for all causes of death will reach both 1918 and a maximum.