Migration Research Institute: the southern border section of Hungary under strong migratory pressure
According to the latest statistics, there is strong irregular migration pressure on today’s southern border section of Hungary; by week 38, the authorities had taken action in more than 79,000 cases, analysts at the Migration Research Institute stressed in a quick analysis submitted to MTI on Friday.
Janabol Szabolcs, deputy director of the institute and Róbert Gönczi’s research assistant, wrote that this number is almost 3.5 times the time-proportional data of the years. They believe the rise is only slightly correlated with the evolution of the coronavirus epidemic, preferring other reasons in the background.
Attention was also drawn to the fact that the route in the Western Balkans “does not receive nearly as much supply” from Greece as in recent years. Analysts mentioned among the reasons for the recovery that migrants from the Middle East, Asia and Africa, who had been sent several times, were “increasingly impatient and, more often, deportees trying to enter the territory of Hungary” to continue their journey to Western Europe. Another explanation in this context may have been that Hungary has been increasingly effective in protecting the southern border section, during which “as a general rule” illegal immigrants are escorted back to the Serbian side and the majority try again.
Taking these into account, Hungary will still play a key role in curbing irregular migration to the European Union or protecting its external borders, they emphasized.
According to Janik Szabolcs and Róbert Gönczi, it is a challenge for Hungary that some tens of thousands of people in the Western Balkans have tried to be effective in preventing border violations. In addition to the government’s action against irregular migration, there is a need for cooperation with the states concerned, they noted. In this context, it was pointed out that due to their individual European integration efforts, several colors of the Western Balkan states are cooperating, but in many cases this is not enough resources. On the other hand, if he does not want to support with the illegal deadline, they are interested in arriving from the area even earlier, he wrote.
Analysts say these challenges will be exacerbated later if a significant mass of Afghans fleeing the Taliban regime reach the Turkish-Greek border. In this case, the big question would be how many from there would end up on the Western Balkans route. “It is not just in Greece’s, Bulgaria’s or Hungary’s interest that this does not happen: the whole EU must strive to follow suit,” the elements wrote.
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