“We are always short, but it works out,” said the office of Vorarlberg Education Councilor Barbara Schöbi-Fink (ÖVP). Primary school teachers are needed in particular, and the Bregenz district is particularly affected this school year. A remedy is currently provided on the one hand by additional services of the current teaching staff, on the other hand retired people are asked to continue teaching, and students at the Feldkirch University of Education are also employed in a conscientious manner.
Because none of this can be a permanent solution, they are in talks with the responsible federal ministry. It is seen as problematic, for example, that teachers earn the same amount across Austria despite the significantly higher cost of living in the western federal state.
Compulsory school problem in Salzburg
In Salzburg, the problem only exists in the compulsory school sector, and here especially in elementary and special schools, according to the state’s education department. Due to the fact, there are daily changes in places. With the exception of the Lungau, there are advertised positions in all districts that cannot be filled. Individual subjects would not stand out. The shortfall is currently around 540 hours and thus around 25 full-time equivalents.
He is mainly intercepted with overtime – students are also asked about the PH Salzburg. Education state councilor Daniela Gutschi (ÖVP) locates the main cause of the teacher shortage in the compulsory school sector as the new training that has been extended to six years. It calls for a shortening and a more practice-oriented design. In addition, they would need their own training in special education.
Lower Austria locates “lack of subjects”
Similar in Lower Austria: All classes have been filled, but the situation is tense in some areas. “Where there is a shortage, it is made up for by providing more services and by employing teacher training students who are just about to graduate,” said a written statement. Physics, chemistry, biology, exercise and sport and creative subjects were named as “lacking subjects”. In contrast, there is an “oversupply of students” with the subjects, geography, history, Spanish, Italian, psychology and philosophy.
In Vienna there would still be a need for 50 trained teachers in primary and special schools, ten of them as class-leading teachers. In the middle school five pedagogues with the subject mathematics could be employed, at the polys as well as five in the subject area electrical engineering and mechatronics.
At the vocational schools there is a lack of general economics as well as the professions of commercial electrician, system technician and application development, at the vocational middle and higher schools in the fields of electrical engineering / electronics and computer science. There is a lack of AHS especially in mathematics, physics and descriptive geometry, as well as in sports for girls. The same applies here: These hours are currently covered by additional services from other teachers.
Special contracts for students also in Upper Austria
In Upper Austria, too, people are still looking for trained pedagogues in all districts. There is a shortage, especially in the compulsory school sector, but AHS and vocational middle and higher schools (HAK, HTL, etc.) also report an increasing demand – especially in the subjects of mathematics, German, English, physics, chemistry and sport.
One sees the shortage actually caused by the wave of retirement, on the other hand by the extension of the study. At the same time, however, one can see that the number of new students is currently increasing again. Students could already teach after successfully completing their bachelor’s degree – they already receive special contracts.
Many applications in metropolitan areas in Styria
In Styria, as in previous years, there is a noticeable surplus of applications in metropolitan areas, while in some peripheral regions there are only a few applicants available. Middle schools and subjects such as mathematics and physics are particularly affected by the latter. Experience has shown that there are still changes in the number of students until October 1st. To counter bottlenecks, hours for women are increased, teachers from other teachers are used and, if necessary, posts are advertised.
There are also regional differences in Tyrol: At compulsory schools there are “regional bottlenecks”, for example in the districts of Kufstein and Kitzbühel, but no “general teacher shortage”. However, the applicants are not “sufficiently flexible” with regard to their location, and many would like to work only part-time in addition to the part-time master’s degree. Another problem is that many teachers are currently retiring. Therefore there are currently 35 positions to be set.
Dying is compensated by the arrangement of overtime or the amicable increase in working hours for part-time workers. Students who are about to complete their studies are also given a chance. In some cases, there are also transfers. In the area of middle and high schools, however, all positions could be filled – the most difficult war dies in the subjects of mathematics, physics and art education.
Carinthia is looking for bilingual primary school teachers
Basically there were no problems with filling vacancies, according to information from the Education Directorate in Carinthia: This was a little more difficult due to the demographic and geographical situation in Upper Carinthia. The exception, however, is the minority school system: “The pool of bilingual primary school teachers is currently exhausted.”
Similar in Burgenland: “It’s close, but we still have people on the list of applicants who we can deploy. At the moment we can still fill everything, but it WILL be a challenge for the next few years ”, says the Burgenland Education Director Heinz Josef Zitz. In the elementary school sector you can manage the needs at the pedagogical university well, in the middle school sector it becomes difficult, especially in the subjects German, English and mathematics as well as sport – because many retirees in this subject, according to Zitz.