It started in 2014, when a new cadastral law was approved. He instructed the Office for Representation of the State in Property Matters to try to trace more than 200 thousand lands and real estate of the beneficial owners.
Communism may be behind the “dead spots” in the ownership certificate. In the 50th the public register of property for a time were completely abolished, later simplified records were introduced. For example, the boundaries of private land used by agricultural cooperatives were not drawn on maps. Some lands have been transferred to municipalities, sports units and companies that have already disappeared, or to state organizations that have been privatized. And part of the property was completely forgotten.
In six years, the office managed to find the owners of more than 40,000 properties. However, 165,974 plots of land and 4,947 buildings still do not belong to anyone, or have a registered owner, but with insufficient data. The Office updates the list every six months.
“Therefore, I recommend everyone to look at this list to see if any real estate they did not know about happened to him or her,” said ÚZSVM CEO Kateřina Arajmu.
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The law states that if the owners are not found within ten years, state property will be forfeited. This period expires in December 2023.
“This provision of the law is based on the fact that no one has registered for the ownership of such real estate for a long time, does not pay taxes, does not take care of them, and so it can be assumed that these persons do not exercise ownership of their real estate. considers the property abandoned and becomes state ownership, ”explains Arajmu.
He reminds that the search for owners is very time and professional and often takes many months and years. “But we are successful in our search. The most common result of our investigation is to file a motion to reopen inheritance proceedings. Let’s go.
They waited 50 years for a mistake in the name
He cites as a recent example the search for the owner of the land behind the village of Malín in the Kutná Hora region. Part of this land needed the village to get a road construction. The office found the original owner as early as 191, so I asked for an additional inheritance hearing. The land subsequently belonged to the heir, with whom the Directorate of Roads and Motorways can now conclude a contract for the transfer of the land to the construction of the road.
There are a number of stories of the searched owners: For example, the town of Brandýs nad Labem turned to the office with a request to find the owner of the land in the middle of the castle park. The investigation revealed that its original owner was born in 1898 and died in 1967. However, her two children were found to be unaware of the inheritance. Inheritance proceedings were initiated against them.
The office also managed to find the unknown owner of the land in Řež near Prague. Its original owner was the cousin of the pioneer of Czech aviation Jan Kašpar, Mr. Hugo Čihák. He also owned several properties in Prague. It was not until 70 years after his death that it became clear to him that the land near Prague belonged to him. An application was made to discuss the inheritance and the landowner subsequently became his descendants.
The case from Jičín is also interesting. A change of letter in the surname of the heiress of several plots of land caused her property to be on the list of properties with insufficiently identified owners. The woman acquired the land from her father in 1953. However, the vowel in her surname was exchanged in the inheritance resolution. Therefore, when she died in 1970, they could not be part of the estate and almost fifty were waiting for their rightful owner. In the end, the erroneous surname was corrected, and thanks to an additional discussion of the inheritance, the granddaughter of the original owner took over the land.
The road leads to the municipal office
The Office is obliged by law to hand over the registration of real estate with an ambiguous owner to the municipal office in whose territory the real estate is located. The municipal office publish the data on the official notice board.
“If the office finds the owner of the property, it shall invite him in writing to submit documents proving his ownership to the relevant cadastral office or to exercise his property rights in civil proceedings. Ownership of the cadastral office or exercises its property rights in civil proceedings, “states the ÚZSVM on its website.
People who think they could be the owners of some real estate who should contact the branch office in the place where the land is located. There they will learn what documents need to be brought, mostly those that testify in favor of ownership, such as birth certificates, marriage certificates, death certificates, decisions from inheritance proceedings. Other documents can be found in archives, in chronicles, at municipal offices.