Vinohrady. How Prague decided to stop the green green nvr
I have been living in Vinohrady and I have had the opportunity to meet them from many angles. The most attractive ones are beautiful facades and airy apartments with high ceilings, with streets full of shops, cafes and restaurants.
But I grew up in an inn that could only be among the luxury. With exit and exit to the hallway. With damp walls and a stairway leading to the first floor without a drawstring. When I grew up from Blehradsko a bit to Flora, it was a bit different again.
Here at the very top of the unfinished Vinohrady you have to take a step and you can go to ikov, to Vrovice or back down to the capital Mru. Vinohrady is still here for a year, and when it’s nice, you can see from the window and to Strahov. Everything is right here. Tram, bus, metro.
But where are you going to kill you? Or go for a walk with a cork? It is not so full for Grbovka and Riegrovy sady to jump. So what about you neighbors at ikovsk Olansk cemetery? Yes, it sounds a bit morbid, but first of all it’s really beautiful here and secondly it’s a lot of moms.
Obas even stumbled upon here. But I find it really tacky, so I started running into the distant streets, where you could find a little more private, so he could.
And suddenly I found myself completely different. day shops, cafes and a tinkling tram, but silence, trees and villas with gardens, which could only be seen with a generous insight. And so lots of greenery. That’s how it looks in Vinohrady.
Historical core zero
I described this, the parquet-like TV Vinohrady with the help of architect Zdek Lukee (see link Vinohrady. Pkn crack crafts in a healthy nvr, where business has grown).
For this hiding place, I approached Petr Ryska, the author of a series of books by an unknown Prague and a project of the same name, which includes a website, links and regular walks around Prague. One that you don’t come across in all guides.
Unlike other Prague districts, Vinohrady does not have its own historic core, according to Petr Ryska’s arrest. There was no village bottom here.
When you look at the cadastral map of you from 1850, you will find a homestead, fields and greenery here.
The vineyards were originally a beautiful green area, which was visited and enjoyed the view of the historic center. Along the main road lined with alleys, the most frequent profile of the choir with the hats in the hat. For example, along the alleys change to the city day of England Street.
The old roads and alleys were used for the construction of new roads, and even today it can be seen from the aeronautical collection, as Vinohrady has a little more or less regular layout of Vinohrady, which opens up from the city of Mru upwards. Vinohrady is twisting and bending and the surrounding streets and houses are trying to adapt to what is going on.
By the way, the old roads were built at the end of the 19th century to allow a view of the landmarks. That is why it is now possible to see Hradany from France, as well as Seifert’s ikov.
The reason why the city decided to stop this picturesque green square was simple. Growing middle, she had to live somewhere and you were supposed to have Prague. Otzka was where.
allo’s villa. The original studio, which the architect built when he won the contract for the statue of Jan Hus in the Old Town.
From the point of view of that time, the situation behind Prague Castle was far away, even in the hills, and since the arrest he was pedestrianized for apartments for the poor. And the real building here was made of quarry stone, which was of poor quality and houses were falling …
Whatever you want, we are at the entrance of Prague, here with the stench of the customs of Prague, here we cannot create a fortress for the rich, qualified mayor of ikov. The factories in Karln were the same as in Vysoany, Vrovice was on the hill, Nusle in the valley.
And so, logically, as the only suitable city, which was located just behind the walls of the independent royal city of Prague, Vinohrady appeared on the plain, on the plateau with a beautiful view. According to Petr Ryska, this was the reason that made this unusual poin on the right run.
Until then, it was true that there were a quarter of poor people in the entrance to Prague, and a wealth of poor people. The bottom was historic. Mal Strana and Hradany served the monarch and the tick, while Star and Nov Msto served the craftsmen and small merchants. Today, I stand on a cadmium run with one exception.
On the left, rich run, where Dejvice, Bubene, Letn stand, it was the lower Smchov, on the right, poor run between Karlno, Nusle, Vrovice, Libn, Vysoany and the castle of Vinohrady.
The then Vinohrady, led by Vinohrady, was fully proactive and asked good builders and architects to give the new quarter structure and urban planning. The original small houses prescribed three floors. And on the old pictures are actually houses of the floors, uniform and beautiful. Today, they have to raise their heads and it is clear how it turned out with unity.
Pedevm in the streets around Vinohrady waterworks from the street Korunn n superstructures above these floors as a failed hut. At the time of the First Republic, Karel apek criticized the buildings, saying that they were coming to the Wallenstein thumb if they had not built anything there either. The buildings were erected during the First Republic in the 1920s, under Socialism and are still being built today. Namoen are all in it, calm Petr Ryska.
On the edge of handcuffs
As for the construction of the new district, František Langer, in the book Prask legendy, said. Twelve towns, formerly the town of Krlovsk Vinohrady, were located above Prague, from the Museum. It is a large fortress, but so poor in greenery, trees and vines that they do not sow their name, or even in trees, kee and woodpeckers, as if they grew up on the edge of handcuffs. In front of the squares of single-house houses are planted only edible nudes, which grow on the glass, and the flour is more abundant. Somewhere one or two house squares are omitted and there is something made of silently fingered fingers and garden seedlings, Vinohradt boasts a beautiful park.
Nudes that bloom in spring only to turn into dry stumps with a little green on top are still true today. And the fact that there used to be green nvr, there really wasn’t that much left.
Flora. Rozen st Vinohradsk na Floe street.
And kilns here used to be sap and water, wall and dew! Where the city stands, there are rich seedlings and courtyards with fields, orchards and gardens, Kravn, Ptroska, vihanka, Ciknka, Perucka, Kozaka and others. I went to paddling in Kanlka in the autumn and I fell on my knees with a leaf from a katana stalk and a dog climbed to Eichmanka. houses that were rented or sold by the house for a large pension.
As for the construction, the truth is that the streets are not here for a long time. Such Zhebsk, Koubkova, Lublask … you are controversial and stern. Vinohrady was relatively rich in cracks, Petr Ryska continues, but if we compare it with the innovative houses that were built in Pai, Budapest or Moscow at the same time, Vinohrady established the province.
But let’s not just hurt them. Houses built at that time with an unusual luxury, such as built-in wardrobes in the wall, telephone, parquet floors, wardrobe, central heating or toilets, were built here.
This was really unusual in t times. 70% of the apartment did not have to go in the 1930s and let’s not forget the bathroom, that in 1920 54% had an apartment in inner Prague only one room, maximum with a kitchen. It was not uncommon at all, because there was no running water, there was a hydrant for that.
We move ru
During the First Republic, it was decided that the provincial town would flourish a bit. And if you hurry up the street roz. New houses began to be built according to new streets.
That’s why new functionalist houses from the 1930s often go back. Due to the fact, the street could not be broken for a long time and the teeth remained. One such nice tooth can be seen, for example, first in Vinohrady at Erhart’s confectionery. She goes out into the street, but Vinohrady is a long way away and beyond.
The second and last such birth, where it was possible to move the canal in Prague for a long time, to go in Revolun Street. Also, my view of the Vinohrady rune is my own game? Yes, it was originally a bulldog. Back then to go better apartments were situated on the main square. Today, everyone looks into the quiet courtyard.
The year Vinohradsk goes far around the Crematorium Stranice, which should be called Vinohradsk, because the furnaces can still be found in Vinohrady, and the Vinohrady cemetery, which, incidentally, was established here because the Olansk cemeteries were small for the Vinohrady bill of exchange and she refused to sleep side by side. ordinary lid.
We go back a little, to Floe, and there we turn to some of the villa villas, where you can hear m beck funn. Here, between Ruska and Robrova streets and Vinohradsk vodrn, several streets spread out. Villas here began to be built in Austria-Hungary. There are historic villas, innovative and apartments. And the old ones are krsn.
Colony Freedom. Two former houses are united in color, today badly on the owners.
I always miss out there because I don’t feel like this, and I always imagine what it looks like inside, what the garden looks like on the side I can’t see, and how it has to sit in the night in those gardens or on the balcony and look down on flashing lights.
In Dykov Street, where Viktor Dyk lived at 23, there is a villa of the Vinohrady architect Anton Turk, who owns it. Today, his house with a golden-green lid looks like an insole, but at the time it was a nice type, assure Petr Ryska.
There is a villa by the same architect next door. At first glance, this is not known. In the 1920s, the architect Ladislav Macho expanded it and purified it or cleaned it of its decorative elements. A little longer he put a little bit. Villa of architect Alois Dryek with the image of St. Ludmila on the facade. At the end of the street is the classicizing villa from the 1930s, in which the founding of the Jry Cimrman Theater took place on October 29, 1966.
Mj dm, mj castle
A little longer in Brat apk Street is the famous Apkova villa, or a two-bedroom villa. When viewed from the garden, the lion belonged to St. Charles, the right to Joseph.
Its construction began during the First Republic, when the street was called Jet.
Today it looks like a pleasant villa fortress, but Karel apek suffered immensely here. In Obrzce from home, he describes how to go to the place where it will be built. Don’t expect us to ride, ironically.
On the day of the quiet villas of the district, there was a first mud, a large dry, which soon filled with water, and a longing. And when all the horses stood up, electrification and sewerage began to dig. The vineyards were one big mud to build. Even Karel Apek’s friend, Karel Ladislav Kukla newspaper, talks about a great adventure when he goes to visit him.
Nevertheless, when we take into account that even a writer could afford to build a villa here, it was not so bad. The land was good, with a nice view and Bohdalec. It was close, there was a tram, there were theaters, cafes. Plus, living in a good neighborhood.
At that time there was a suitable amount of support, there was a lot of money. It was time to make the deposit and pay the rest later. The middle class could also afford an apartment or house, explains Petr Ryska. In addition to the famous architects, the writer, newspaper or businessman could do it here.
This is how the villas of the Svoboda colony were built, which spread around Na afrnce, Hradensk and Ansk streets. One of the largest projects was built by the architect FA Libra at the meeting of the 1920s. He designed a colony of four family houses and seventeen semi-detached houses for the people of Vrovice. They are built in a special and interesting style, the so-called rondocubism.
apkova villa. The Apkov brothers grew into the semi-villa around 1924 from Kampa. Dm was designed by architect Ladislav Macho.
A style that has several names, such as arched cubism, national style, Legiobank style or national decorativism, or Czech art deco, which is simply round. At first glance, these houses are picturesque and seal. Rondocubism included both national colors, and once the houses were made mainly in blue, white and red or in red and red, which are the colors of Prague.
Today, the original colors are preserved in a small place, but most of the house is heavily renovated and has been pleasantly inhabited to this day. The architect Libra, who is located on the plots of Hradensk and Croatia streets, built his own house in the colony. In the colony, the cellist Milo Sdlo or the mayor of Vrovice Jan Tpek. So it was true that the mayor of Vrovice also lived on the Vinohrady slope.
Among the vineyard villas, the alloun villa in Slovenská street stands out. Today we are a villa, but the original studio of the statue of Ladislav Alouna. He built it here, when he conquered the monument to Jan Hus at the Old Town Square, and he would not have placed the statue in his existing studio at the Wroclaw Square.
Most of the Art Nouveau building with symbolist elements was occupied by a studio with a living room – a Slovak living room, and in the 1930s he added living spaces. The Slovak room was destroyed by bombing for the wolves. After reconstruction in 2007, the studio was reopened and is now owned by the Academy of Fine Arts.
And the best in the end. Kotr’s villa in Hradensk Street is popular with tourists and tourists alike. It was built according to Kotr’s own design. The best access to the road leads from Korunn Street from the trams to the Vinohradsk Vodrna.
The family villa has a noble due and worldview, as the architect Jan Kotra called it, still excels in its beauty and timelessness. It is set in a slope and the interior is divided into t whole. Kotr’s neighbors were industrialist and inventor Emil Kolben or architect Josef Bertl.
The secret of the apk villa: intimate pictures and morphine